In 2015, over half a million students—representing 28 million 15-year-olds in 72 countries and economies—took the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) test. The Former…

Bojana Naceva |

To reinvigorate growth in Europe, European Central Bank President Mario Draghi called for more common projects in the European Union (EU). And he emphasized that these efforts need to meet a set…

Doerte Doemeland, Arup Banerji, Sanja Madzarevic-Sujster |

A farmer in pepper greenhouse, Central Serbia.Photo: Jutta Benzenberg/World Bank As Serbia moves to join the European Union, smallholder farmers like Goran Matic are concerned about the challenges…

Bekzod Shamsiev, Marko Bucik |

Eight years on from the start of the global economic crisis, close to one quarter of the European Union’s population remains at risk of poverty or social exclusion. But one group in particular…

Mariam Sherman |

When development practitioners such as ourselves think of poverty, the EU is not what comes to mind first. While it is true that average incomes are higher in Europe than in most regions of the…

Doerte Doemeland, Gabriela Inchauste |

The dramatic influx of refugees and migrants into Greece is taxing an already overwhelmed government. The fact that Greece is the South-Eastern gateway to Europe may also point towards a solution…

Dirk Reinermann |

The journalist who came up with the name junk contracts for the Civil Law Contracts (CLCs) that now regulate the employment of anywhere between 1 and 1.4 million workers in Poland must have known…

Roberta V. Gatti |

Photo: Jutta Benzenberg/World Bank I came to a stark realization recently while working on a report called Poland: Saving for Growth and Prosperous Aging. 20 or 30 years from now, the life I will…

Paulina Ewa Holda |

The IT revolution has transformed labor markets globally in an unprecedented way. New jobs as well as new ways of working have appeared, and traditional skills and jobs have lost their dominance.…

Roberta V. Gatti |

don’t worry: your solution (salvation?) has finally arrived! One persistent challenge for educational policymakers and planners related to the potential use of informational and communication…

Michael Trucano |