Growing a business is not easy, and for women firm owners the challenges can be acute, especially when they are poor and run subsistence level firms. In developing countries, 22 percent of women…

Mayra Buvinic, Joao Montalvao, Amy Copley |

In the past two decades, development policy has aimed to involve communities in the development process by encouraging the active participation of communities in the design and implementation of…

Xavier Gine, Ghazala Mansuri |

Also available in: Français  Land and property lie at the center of many of today’s pressing development challenges. Consider that at most 10% of land in rural Africa is reliably registered. At…

Klaus Deininger |

Evaluate the following statements according to whether they are “not at all true”, “hardly true”, “moderately true” or “exactly true”: I can always manage to solve difficult problems if I try hard…

Maira Reimao |

Imagine having to skip work every month to travel to the city center just to pay your electricity bill or your child’s school fee? Would you not worry if your income relied on remittances and you…

Leora Klapper, Ruth Goodwin-Groen |

During the 1990s and 2000s, nearly two dozen African countries proposed de jure land reforms extending access to formal, freehold land tenure to millions of poor households, but many of these…

LTD Editors |