“Individuality is the product of both biological inheritance and personal experience, ” said Professor Charles A. Nelson during a recent presentation at the World Bank. Professor Nelson has been…

Magdalena Bendini |

The rate of change in human development outcomes varies considerably across countries over long periods of time, as reflected in the two histograms below (Figure 1). For 78 countries in the period…

Youssouf Kiendrebeogo |

A few years ago, West Africa was gripped by the Ebola outbreak. The onset of the virus devastated communities and weakened the economies of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. Ebola moved quickly…

Hartwig Schafer |

A blogpost on financial incentives in health by one of us in September 2015 generated considerable interest. The post raised several issues, one being whether demand-side financial incentives (…

Adam Wagstaff, Damien de Walque, Jed Friedman, Sven Neelsen |

Growing up in a tropical country, one of us (Alfredo) was acutely aware of mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue and malaria. For many years now, vector-control strategies were—and still are—…

Arndt Reichert, Alfredo Paloyo |

According to its first-ever Knowledge Report, published earlier this year, the World Bank spends over $600 million a year on “core knowledge services” – research, economic and sector work,…

Adam Wagstaff |

How are communities around the world coping with the higher and more volatile food prices? What is the impact on poverty, or on nutritional outcomes? And, how should policymakers respond to such…

Jos Verbeek |

With just four years to the target date of 2015, progress on the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has been slow. Measuring progress has been hampered by the lack of quality and…

Sulekha Patel |