In the late 1950s, a group of businessmen and politicians on the outskirts of a small town in western Ireland realized their local airport was in jeopardy of losing its international flights.…

Douglas Zhihua Zeng 曾智华 |

“Ask anyone you meet on the street whether political risk has risen in the last few years, and you’d likely get a convincing yes, ” a high official from Canada’s Export Development Center recently…

Laura Gómez-Mera, Gonzalo Varela |

International trade has a critical role to play in environmental protection and the effort to mitigate climate change. While it certainly isn’t always framed this way, it is important to realize…

Miles McKenna, Jaime de Melo, Mariana Vijil |

Indonesia finds itself at a crossroads on the trade policy map. A turn in one direction may mean more openness and greater regional integration. A turn the other way—more protectionism and…

Gonzalo Varela, Miles McKenna |

Part of the World Bank’s new vision is to step up its efforts to help fragile and conflict-afflicted states break the vicious cycle of poverty. But this is no easy task.   The destruction of…

Massimiliano Calì |

Editor's Note: "Notes From the Field" is an occasional feature where we let World Bank professionals conducting interesting trade-related projects around the globe explain some of…

Miles McKenna |

Many countries use trade policy to protect their own consumers from spikes in international food prices. It turns out that this well-intentioned practice can actually do more harm than good.…

Will Martin, Kym Anderson |

A major factor holding back African development is the time it takes to transport goods within the continent. Though road conditions are poor in much of Sub-Saharan Africa, research has shown that…

Gael Raballand, Julia Oliver |

Sometimes trade policy works through unexpected channels. In the case of Indonesia, opening the services sector to foreign investment appears to be a way to significantly boost the productivity of…

Gonzalo Varela, Sjamsu Rahardja, Victor Duggan, Julia Oliver |

The state-owned operator of Indonesia’s Tanjung Priok Port is taking major steps to decrease congestion at the country’s main gateway. The company, Pelindo II, recently announced it will increase…

Henry Sandee, Julia Oliver, Natalia Cubillos Salcedo |