The World Trade Organization (WTO) Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) has been getting a great deal of attention since it was finalized at the 2013 Bali Ministerial Conference– and rightly so. As…

Marcus Bartley Johns, Sebastián Sáez, Martin Molinuevo |

At the Ninth WTO Ministerial Conference held in Bali on December 2013, all WTO members reached an agreement on trade facilitation and a compromise on food security issues, a contentious topic…

Bill Gain, Ankur Huria, Kaori Niina |

For nearly three-fifths of the world population, the lack of access to energy is a major challenge to economic development and poverty reduction. Increasing cross-border trade in electricity can…

Michael Pollitt, Miles McKenna |

One of the core principles of trade economics is that of “comparative advantage.” First described by David Ricardo, the theory says that countries are best off if they specialize in products that…

Siddhesh Kaushik, Julia Oliver |

The world’s 45 Least Developed Countries that are not oil producers (non-oil LDCs) are exporting less and less in the global market place. Between 1985 and 2012, the world market share of non-oil…

Jaime de Melo, Miles McKenna |

For client countries of the World Bank, there is no shortage of interest in—or desire for—information on trade flows and market access. Improving trade performance is a critical component of many…

Amir Fouad, Ian Gillson |

Riots broke out across Tunisia last weekend, as citizens reacted to the government’s latest efforts to trim its budget deficit. Officials are struggling to cut spending and increase revenues, all…

Gael Raballand, Miles McKenna |

Editor's Note: "Notes From the Field" is an occasional feature where we let World Bank professionals conducting interesting trade-related projects around the globe explain some of…

Miles McKenna |

Conflict is a major cause of poverty in the developing world today. In addition to endangering lives, conflict disrupts the functioning of an economy in many ways. It destroys infrastructure,…

Massimiliano Calì, Julia Oliver |

Maria knows she is good at selecting ripe tomatoes, but she doesn’t know any women who own nurseries like the one where she works in Honduras. Susan does housekeeping for a hotel in Kenya, but…

Cornelia Staritz, Penny Bamber, Julia Oliver |