Robots may not be taking all our jobs, but they are changing profoundly the way we work. Take the European Union (EU), where jobs are increasingly about “non-routine cognitive” and “interpersonal…

Christian Bodewig |

This page in: Français Across European countries, women continue to earn less than men. Looking at data for full-time working women across 30 countries, we find that women would have needed an…

Gabriela Inchauste, Ana Maria Munoz-Boudet, Paola Buitrago Hernandez |

Even if the technologies are available, businesses and individuals often lack the necessary skills to use them. And these skill gaps exist at multiple levels. (Photo: Arne Hoel/World Bank) As we…

Luc Christiaensen, Siddhartha Raja |

Technology is making work less manual and routine, and more interactive and creative-cognitive. But not all those who lose routine jobs will find new non-routine, interactive, and creative-…

Christian Bodewig |

Graduating university students in Kazakhstan. Photo: Maxim Zolotukhin / The World Bank   Just to be clear, this is not about the American TV show formerly hosted by President-elect Donald Trump…

Ganesh Rasagam |

Kazakhstan. Photo: Kubat Sydykov / World Bank How large is the share of public procurement to GDP in middle-income and low-income countries and how it is evolving? If sizable, can public…

Simeon Djankov, Federica Saliola, Asif Islam |

On a Friday evening last November, twelve mayors from nearby districts gathered at the municipal office building in Tarapoto, Peru. Even though the rainy season was just ramping-up in this lush…

Maria Margarita Nunez |

Also available in Français | Español | 中文 In January, World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim urged the audience at the World Economic Forum in Davos to look closely at a young, promising form of…

Heike Reichelt, Alexandra Klöpfer |

In September, the world’s top scientists said the human influence on climate was clear. Last month, they warned of increased risks of a rapidly warming planet to our economies, environment, food…

Rachel Kyte |

Antigua may mean old in Spanish, but what has been accomplished here looks quite modern. In this colonial city, a living example of Guatemala’s Mayan heritage, surrounded by mountains and…

Sergio Jellinek |