Women worldwide continue to live in societies that provide them unequal opportunities to succeed. In many parts of the world women are less valued than men and at times their rights are violated…

Seynabou Sakho, Germán Caruso, Malena Acuña |

Activities of the Temporary Income Support Program, or PATI / World Bank With collaboration of Emma Monsalve. The 2008-09 financial crisis significantly affected El Salvador. The economy, as…

Fabrizio Zarcone, Pablo Ariel Acosta, Emma Monsalve |

Countries are facing increasingly frequent negative impacts from adverse natural events. Central America, a region prone and vulnerable to disasters, is a clear example. Just from 1992 to 2011,…

Oscar A. Ishizawa, Juan Jose Miranda |

Governments spend a lot of money to contain violence. [[tweetable]]In 2015, some $1.7 trillion was spent on defense by governments worldwide[[/tweetable]] . While the primary responsibility for…

Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez, Bernard Harborne |

At the Ninth WTO Ministerial Conference held in Bali on December 2013, all WTO members reached an agreement on trade facilitation and a compromise on food security issues, a contentious topic…

Bill Gain, Ankur Huria, Kaori Niina |

It is July 2012 and cattle farmers in Nicaragua are worried because Guatemala has enacted a series of laws that restrict beef trade. These so-called “non-tariff measures, ” or NTMs, require that…

Jose Daniel Reyes, Maria Jose Gonzalez Rivas |

This week in Doha, the marble corridors of the Qatar National Convention Center resonate with voices from around the world. Over half way through the UN Climate Change Conference, as ministers…

Rachel Kyte |