Photo: LIC/Flickr No matter how you measure it, the impact of air pollution is startling. According to new research, air pollution worldwide cuts life expectancy by 1.8 years for an average person…

Javier Morales Sarriera, Gurpreet Singh Sehmi |

In 2002, Sao Paulo’s embarked in one of the most transformative transport projects of the decade: the construction of Metro Line 4. The new line had big ambitions: it was meant to significantly…

Bianca Bianchi Alves, Nathalie Picarelli |

Accumulated scientific evidence shows that proper nutrition and stimulation in utero and during early childhood benefit physical and mental well-being later in life and contribute to the…

Patricio V. Marquez, Sheila Dutta |

  Brazil was one of the top five investment foreign and domestic private flows destinations for 2017. Nonetheless, foreign flows towards the country through Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) and…

Grégoire Gauthier |

Photo: Gordon | Flickr Creative Commons Public-private partnerships (PPPs) in Brazil have been around since 2004 when federal legislation established the legal framework to make them possible.…

Fernando Freire Dutra |

© Julia Pacheco/World Bank Celina Maria migrated from Bahia to Rio de Janeiro when she was just 17 and pregnant with twins, without completing her education and therefore have had difficulties…

Kathy Lindert, Phillippe Leite, Tina George Karippacheril, Ines Rodriguez Caillava |

Photo: LWYang | Flickr Creative Commons Since the 1980s, investment in Brazil’s infrastructure has declined from 5% to a little above 2% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), scarcely…

Paul Procee |

Many countries are experiencing urbanization within the context of increased decentralization and fiscal adjustment. This puts sub-national entities (local governments, utilities and state-owned…

Kirti Devi, Luciana Guimaraes Drummond E Silva |

The world is urbanizing fast—200, 000 people are moving to cities every day in search of homes, jobs, as well as education and healthcare services for their families. Supporting this influx with…

Luis Triveno, Martim Smolka |

Photo: Passarinho/Pref.Olinda | Flickr Creative Commons A few weeks ago, I delivered the training for the Certified Public-Private Partnership Professional (CP3P) Preparation exam to a group in…

Marcos Siqueira |