Kazakhstan. Photo: Kubat Sydykov / World Bank How large is the share of public procurement to GDP in middle-income and low-income countries and how it is evolving? If sizable, can public…

Simeon Djankov, Federica Saliola, Asif Islam |

It’s Ramadan and the Arabic TV channels are festooned with shows that vary from recurring popular soap operas, cooking and competition shows — but one has become the talk of the town. Al Sadma, or…

Bassam Sebti |

(c) Alex Yosifov/Flickr Creative Commons The cigarette puffs surrounded the 18-month-old boy as he stood next to his chain-smoking grandparents in the living room, while a 3-year-old girl fetched…

Bassam Sebti |

Inequality begins early in life. In the Middle East and North Africa region it begins before birth, as prenatal care is not universal, and continues right through early childhood with different…

Will Stebbins |

Gaza. Displaced persons. Photo: © Natalia Cieslik / World Bank From civil wars in Mali and Iraq to urban crime in Central America, perceptions of injustice are central to fueling violence and…

Hassane Cisse, Betty Bigombe |

New entrants to the working age population in most Middle East and North Africa countries encounter economic structures and policies that have long failed to generate an adequate number of new…

Farrukh Iqbal |