In Mozambique’s three largest cities (Maputo, Beira, and Nampula), informal businesses—those operating outside formal licensing and registration procedures—outnumber formal firms by a factor of 9…

Filip Jolevski, Gemechu Ayana Aga |

We love local. Whether it’s buying vegetables directly from your local farmer, frequenting a neighborhood business, or working as a community activist, many of us believe that solutions to some of…

Marcus Holmlund, Felipe Dunsch |

When the going gets tough, do the tough need higher pay?   Many public policies and nearly all international aid aim to improve the well-being of the poor.  Front-line service providers may not…

Sheheryar Banuri, Damien de Walque, Philip Keefer, Paul Jacob Robyn |

Running a local government is not sexy. It’s making sure that roads are maintained, there is water to drink, health clinics are stocked and staffed, and schools are equipped to teach. Often, it…

Marcus Holmlund, Felipe Dunsch |

This page in: Français Across European countries, women continue to earn less than men. Looking at data for full-time working women across 30 countries, we find that women would have needed an…

Gabriela Inchauste, Ana Maria Munoz-Boudet, Paola Buitrago Hernandez |

Artisanal mining has a terrible reputation. A widespread perception is that this low-tech and labor-intensive way to extract natural resources “may cause severe environmental and health risks,…

Victoire Girard, Rémi Bazillier |

Robert Allen’s recent AER paper on “Absolute Poverty: When Necessity Displaces Desire” is a fascinating read, on many levels. The paper uses linear programming (LP) to compute (four variants of)…

Francisco Ferreira |

The 2018 World Development Report (WDR), Learning to Realize Education’s Promise, launched this week.  While it draws on research and collective experience—both from within and outside the World…

Deon Filmer, Halsey Rogers |

We know that fiscal policy can be harnessed to reduce inequality in low- and middle-income countries, but until now, we knew less about its ability to reduce poverty. Our recent volume looks at…

Gabriela Inchauste, Nora Lustig |