South Africa has over 4 million migrants, including over 300,000 refugees and asylum-seekers. The latest South African census data estimates that migrants account for over 4% of the country’s population. , according to a new World Bank study.
The study, titled Mixed Migration, Forced Displacement and Job Outcomes in South Africa, finds that
As you will learn from the video, evidence shows that immigrants and locals are not perfect substitutes in South Africa. As such, immigrants and locals are likely to specialize in performing different and sometimes complementary tasks, which can lead to overall productivity gains and positive impacts on local employment and wages. Further, 25% of immigrants are self-employed, possibly reflecting the demand for the diverse set of entrepreneurial skills they bring, which can result in large multiplier effects.
They also help redirect policy conversations and considerations to enhancing development opportunities for local residents, migrants, refugees, and the wider economy – while being cognizant of perceptions and lived experiences of the local host communities.
Watch the video to learn more. Click here to download the full study.
- Full report: Mixed Migration, Forced Displacement and Job Outcomes in South Africa
- Blog post: The urban dimensions of mixed migration and forced displacement in South Africa
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