Deborah Winkler is a Senior Consultant in the World Bank Group’s Macroeconomics, Trade and Investment Global Practice. Deborah has worked on issues of global value chains, offshoring, export competitiveness, foreign direct investment, and trade in services; their determinants; and their economic and social effects. She is particularly interested in the role that policy can play in mediating these relationships. She is a former Research Associate of the New School for Social Research and received her PhD in economics from the University of Hohenheim in Germany. Deborah is the author of Making Global Value Chains Work for Development (with Daria Taglioni), Outsourcing Economics (with William Milberg) and Services Offshoring and Its Impact on the Labor Market. She is the editor of Making Foreign Direct Investment Work for Sub-Saharan Africa (with Thomas Farole). Most recently, Deborah was a lead author of the World Bank’s report on Women and Trade: The Role of Trade in Promoting Gender Equality (2020) and a core team member of the World Development Report 2020: Trading for Development in the Age of Global Value Chains (2019).