Ellen Hamilton is a Lead Urban Specialist for the Middle East and North Africa Unit of the Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience Global Practice of the World Bank. She has two decades of experience leading analytical work and projects focusing on land and housing (affordable land/ housing supply and demand; subsidies, tenure, urban growth, post-disaster housing reconstruction, land/housing and social inclusion / urban upgrading, brownfield reuse and urban planning). Her work on land and housing is complemented by broad experience with other aspects of urban development including regional development, municipal management, urban services, urban poverty, disaster-risk reduction, local economic development, cultural heritage and green cities. She is particularly interested in the inter-linkages between land / housing and urban development. Her country experience includes Azerbaijan, Belize, Egypt, Ethiopia, Georgia, Honduras, Hungary, Jamaica, Jordan, Kyrgyz, Lithuania, Mexico, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, United Arab Emirates, and West Bank and Gaza. She holds a Ph.D. in Geography from Columbia University and wrote her dissertation about housing and residential differentiation in Moscow.