Joana Silva is a Senior Economist at the World Bank, where she works on labor market reforms and social safety nets. At the World Bank, Joana has divided her time between applied research on workers and firms in developing countries and policy oriented issues. Her areas of expertise include social protection, human development, labor markets and international trade. Her work was published, in, amongst others, the Journal of International Economics, Economics Letters and Review of World Economics. During her 5 years at the World Bank, Joana authored thematic Flagship Reports, managed cross-sectoral lending projects and advisory activities, and contributed to analytical studies, including labor market assessments, the role of international integration, investment climate, political economy of reforms, and impact evaluations. She holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Nottingham. Prior to joining the World Bank, she also worked for the Globalization and Economic Policy Research Center at the University of Nottingham and the Inter-American Development Bank. She is fluent in Portuguese, French, English, and Spanish.