Where do the world’s talents immigrate to?

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"We’re the nation that just had six of our scientists and researchers win Nobel Prizes—and every one of them was an immigrant," U.S. President Barack Obama recently said after the Nobel Prize winners were announced.
 
The Internet was abuzz about it, and how could it not be?
 
The announcement couldn’t come at a better time. Not only are US Nobel laureates immigrants, but also the country has been identified as one of four where the world’s high-skilled immigrants are increasingly living, according to a new World Bank research article. The other three countries are the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia.

Titled Global Talent Flows, the research found that in 2010, there were about 28 million high‐skilled migrants residing in OECD countries  (members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development), an increase of nearly 130% since 1990. Only four OECD countries are the landing destination for nearly 70% of the 28 million migrants.
 
The study added that the United States alone has historically hosted close to half of all high‐skilled migrants to the OECD and one‐third of high‐skilled migrants worldwide. In 2010, the United States hosted 11.4 million skilled migrants, 41% of the OECD total. 
 
The researchers explained that the forces behind the exceptional rise in the number of high-skilled migrants to OECD countries include the increased efforts to attract talent by policymakers who invest in human capital, the positive spillovers generated by skill agglomeration, the declines in transportation and communication costs, and the rising pursuit of foreign education by young people.
 
These factors, the researchers argued, also suggest that “high-skilled immigration is often controversial.” They added that for sending countries, the loss of high-skilled workers raises concerns, but the positive side of it is that those migrants “can create badly needed connections to global sources of knowledge, capital, and goods –and some will eventually return home with higher social and human capital levels.”
 
The research found that many origin countries have limited educational capacities and fiscal resources to train workers or to replace those that have emigrated. It added that countries experiencing particularly high emigration rates of high‐skilled workers to OECD destinations in 2010 tend to be small low‐income countries and island states.
 
“The reasons why people leave had to do with their living situation,” said World Bank economist Çaglar Ozden, one of the authors of the study. “If you improve and develop the country and improve the overall life of the educated people, they will stay.”
 
“Don’t push them,” he warned, adding that governments can do a lot of things to help bring back the talents. Dual citizenship, he said, is an example of “establishing links” with these talents to make them stay.
 


Women’s role
 
The research noted the “remarkable and unprecedented” role of women in this high-skilled migration surge, noting that the stock of high‐skilled female immigrants in OECD countries grew by 152% between 1990 and 2010 , from 5.7 to 14.4 million. In 2010, female high-skilled migration outnumbered males. 
 
According to the research, Africa and Asia, experienced the largest growth of high‐skilled female emigration , suggesting that gender inequalities and labor market challenges there had potential roles in becoming the push factors.
 
"The loss of highly educated women is a problem because mothers have the most impact on children," warned Ozden. “There would be long-term losses as educated mothers are educated children.”
 
Marching forward
 
The global competition for skills will continue to be fierce and will likely remain unequal , the research suggests, due to the volume of that migration to the four Anglo‐Saxon countries and the asymmetry in the concentration of leading universities, high‐tech firms and research centers.
 
The study concluded that skilled migration will continue to march forwarded. But while overall patterns remain similar, different forms of high skilled migration are likely to emerge and evolve. 

Join the Conversation

mm
October 26, 2016

<p>Hopefully, I'll be soon one of these.</p>

@kakonotech
October 29, 2016

<p>Really liked this article. African nations can take a few lessons from this.</p>

ALBERT SUANU
November 03, 2016

<p>With this report, I suggests that all government of the developing nations across the globe, should arise and follow what the four OECD did, else with the rising ease of communication, transportation, and globalization they would loose all their talent to nations that are better prepared to manage such talents. And when this happened the world will be parallel (Talented and advanced // lack talent and impoverished) which is what the UN is fighting against. We need a balanced world. Yes and African Leaders must have to arise too. And I must start from where I am, the help my local community.</p>

SM
November 04, 2016

<p>Quote: The reasons why people leave had to do with their living situation,” said World Bank economist Çaglar Ozden, one of the authors of the study. “If you improve and develop the country and improve the overall life of the educated people, they will stay.”</p>
<p>Naturally we all look forward to hearing how one improves and develops a country without any of the people needed to do it.</p>

mm
October 26, 2016

Hopefully, I'll be soon one of these.

Mario Funes
October 27, 2016

Las oportunidades están en los pais desarrollados económicamente, mientras en los paises pobres económicamente las oportunidades se cierran por la alta corrupción y la violencia, tu puedes desarrollar o innovar una teoría y tratan de minimizar, y la oportunidad se cerro. Entonces hay que emigrar.

GLORIA CATTANEO
October 28, 2016

LA FALTA DE TRABAJO, LA POBREZA, FUTUROS SOCIALES INCIERTOS PROVOCAN ESTAS CONDUCTAS MIGRATORIAS.EL DESARRAIGO PROVOCA MUCHOS PROBLEMAS SOCIALES, DISCRIMACION SOBRE TODO, ESTE TIPO DE MOVIMIENTOS QUE SE DAN A NIVEL MUNDIAL TRAE PROBLEMAS DE INSEGURIDAD, DELINCUENCIA DROGAS. A LA MAYORIA DE LOS SERES HUMANO (NO TODOS), SI PUDIERAN ELEGIR, SEGURAMENTE OPTARIAN POR QUEDARSE Y REALIZARSE EN SU COMUNIDAD JUNTO A SU FAMILIA Y SERES QUERIDOS. Y EL OTRO TEMA , MAS DELICADO ES DE AQUELLOS CIENTIFICOS E INVESTIGADORES QUE A VECES MIGRAN A OTROS PAISES DONDE INVIERTAN MAS EN INVESTIGACIONES, LES PAGAN MEJOR, SON ATRAIDOS, COMO PAISES COMO NORTEAMERICA, TAMBIEN ES CIERTO QUE ENMUCHOS CASOS ESTUDIAN E INVESTIGAN EN SU PAIS, EL QUE INVIERTE MUCHO DINERO EN ESTAS INVESTIGACIONES Y PERSONAS QUE LUEGO SE RADICAN EN PAISES COMO NORTEAMERICA DONDE VENDEN LAS PATENTES DE INVESTIGACIONES HECHAS EN EQUIPOS Y EN OTROS PAISES. GRACIAS

Víctor Manuel López Alcaraz
October 28, 2016

Buen día. Son artículos interesantes. Se pueden tomar para publicarlo, con el crédito de la persona....Gracias por su amable atención. [email protected]
Subdirector Editorial Página Ciudadana. (Sede la Ciudad de México

@kakonotech
October 29, 2016

Really liked this article. African nations can take a few lessons from this.

Rosario Ramírez
October 29, 2016

Se aplaude la noble iniciativa del Presidente Obama y de los países de la OCDE, dando oportunidad a los profesionales para dar a conocer sus talentos y otorgarles un merecido galardón, que continúen con tan generosa misión, Dios y la Virgen los guíen y bendigan.

Javuer jimenez
October 30, 2016

En el caso de mi pais Colombia,se esta dando una diaspora muy grande principalmente en mano de obra calificada. motivos: falta de oportunidades, bajos salarios y falta de movilidad socioeconomica.

ALBERT SUANU
November 03, 2016

With this report, I suggests that all government of the developing nations across the globe, should arise and follow what the four OECD did, else with the rising ease of communication, transportation, and globalization they would loose all their talent to nations that are better prepared to manage such talents. And when this happened the world will be parallel (Talented and advanced // lack talent and impoverished) which is what the UN is fighting against. We need a balanced world. Yes and African Leaders must have to arise too. And I must start from where I am, the help my local community.

SM
November 04, 2016

Quote: The reasons why people leave had to do with their living situation,” said World Bank economist Çaglar Ozden, one of the authors of the study. “If you improve and develop the country and improve the overall life of the educated people, they will stay.”
Naturally we all look forward to hearing how one improves and develops a country without any of the people needed to do it.

josè sosa
November 04, 2016

En el caso del Perú, los TLC`s han sido muy mal negociados, favoreciendo las importaciones en perjuicio de la producción nacional, especialmente manufacturera y agroindustrial, que afecta directamente a los trabajadores, que se quedan sin empleo, para ser parte de los desocupados o de los subempleados informales son UN SEGURO SANITARIO DE TRABAJO Y SIN DERECHO A UNA PENSIÓN DE VEJEZ, agravado por los bajos salarios, donde el 50% recibe el SALARIO MÍNIMO o menos.

Jorge Jijon Elizalde
November 11, 2016

Hacia los países desarrollados que tienen capacidad para satisfacer sus necesidades intelectuales y económicas, puesto que en su origen son incomprendidos y desperdiciados.
Sdos Cordiales

امين باشا
December 05, 2016

هل المهاجرين ذوي الخبرة اكثرة من العرب اما ماذا

JOSE SOSA
December 08, 2016

Lo mismo sucede en EL PERÙ, los científicos nativos, no son valorados, ni por EL ESTADO ni por EL SECTOR PRIVADO, lo cual los obligan a emigrar en busca de mejores oportunidades para el desarrollo personal y profesional.

المكاشفي عبدالله سعيد عبدالقادر
December 11, 2016

أسباب المعيشة

محمد يوسف
December 12, 2016

حتى الدول المتقدمة نفسها لعبت دوراً فى هذه الهجرات ونحن كأناس نعيش فى البلدان المتأخرة كما يقال نسعى للتطور والاستفادة من المخزون العلمي المتواجد فى تلك البلدان فلا ضير في ذلك ،لكن هناك ثمة تناقضات فى سياسات هذه الدول المتقدمة ، مع ذلك لا أُحملها هذا الدور لأننا نحن تكفلنا لوحدنا لوحدنا بطرد هذه العقول.
ونأمل ان تعود هذه العقول حتى لو على سن المعاش وتمنحنا القليل من الوقود لدفع قطارنا العاجز قليلا

محمود عبدالسخي
January 07, 2017

اسباب هجرت زوي المهارات العالية من دولهم الي دول منظمة التعاون الدولي ليست اسباب مادية في غالبها و انما من الضغوطات التي تمارس عليهم من المحيط الداخلي للبلد من تهميش و عدم اعطائهم الفرصة لاخراج مواهبهم و كبتهم و السياسات العامة في البلد تكون مقييدة للحريات الفكرية كما ان الثقافة العامة في البلد لا يوجد بها تحفيز للابداع و لا تشجيع للبحوث و غيرها من القيود . بينما في دول التعاون الدولي نجد ان تشجيع البحث العلمي هو من ابجديات الاستراتيجات لديهم و حينما يحل احد زوي للمهارات هناك يجد ان يخرج ما بجعبته من افكار و ابداع و حلول تساهم في التنمية في تلك الدول و يصبح العائد المادي شئ اضافي .

ياسر دخل الله
February 12, 2017

انا مقيم في تركيا وأريد أن أقدم لجوء إلى كندا لا أعرف أين مواقع التسجيل أو بل أحرة مافي تسجيل بل دوائر الحكومية أريد أن ترفعو أسمي ورقمي للأمم المتحدة لعليا لشئون الأجئين السورين تواصلو معي عبر التلفون التركي 05537396916

ياسر دخل الله
February 12, 2017

الله مع السورين

الباحث التقني: يوسف أحمد السحار
April 01, 2017

هاجرت مؤخرا بعد 51 سنة مضطرا من المملكة العربية السعودية إلى تركيا بالرغم من حصولي على جوائز سعودية ناتجة عن مسابقات .. فلماذا ؟
لأن الباحثين والمبدعين العرب يفتقدون ببساطة إلى ((خطوة)) ما بعد الجائزة بما يحقق المصلحة للجميع ((الباحث و الاقتصاد الوطني)) !
جوالي التركي: 00905616142596

الباحث التقني: يوسف أحمد السحار
April 01, 2017

هاجرت مؤخرا بعد 51 سنة مضطرا من المملكة العربية السعودية إلى تركيا بالرغم من حصولي على جوائز سعودية ناتجة عن مسابقات .. فلماذا ؟
لأن الباحثين والمبدعين العرب يفتقدون ببساطة إلى ((خطوة)) ما بعد الجائزة بما يحقق المصلحة للجميع ((الباحث و الاقتصاد الوطني)) !
جوالي التركي: 00905616142596

Andrés R.A
June 12, 2018

Pienso que muchos de nosotros, casi todos salimos hacía los estados unidos a trabajar con dignidad, sin hacer ningún mal a nadie. Lo principal es ser totalmente legales, conseguir un Abogado de Inmigración es esencial, sumamente importante! Gracias por tan buen contenido!