Attend a seminar or read a report on Islamic finance and chances are you will come across a figure between $1 trillion and $1.6 trillion, referring to the estimated size of the global Islamic assets. While these aggregate global figures are frequently mentioned, publically available bank-level data have been much harder to come by.
Considering the rapid growth of Islamic finance, its growing popularity in both Muslim and non-Muslim countries, and its emerging role in global financial industry, especially after the recent global financial crisis, it is imperative to have up-to-date and reliable bank-level data on Islamic financial institutions from around the globe.
To date, there is a surprising lack of publically available, consistent and up-to-date data on the size of Islamic assets on a bank-by-bank basis. In fairness, some subscription-based datasets, such Bureau Van Dijk’s Bankscope, do include annual financial data on some of the world’s leading Islamic financial institutions. Bank-level data are also compiled by The Banker’s Top Islamic Financial Institutions Report and Ernst & Young’s World Islamic Banking Competitiveness Report, but these are not publically available and require subscription premiums, making it difficult for many researchers and experts to access. As a result, data on Islamic financial institutions are associated with some level of opaqueness, creating obstacles and challenges for empirical research on Islamic finance.
The recent opening of the Global Center for Islamic Finance by World Bank Group President Jim Young Kim may lead to exciting venues and opportunities for standardization, data collection, and empirical research on Islamic finance. In the meantime, the Global Financial Development Report (GFDR) team at the World Bank has also started to take some initial steps towards this end.
The GFDR team has compiled the names of about 400 Islamic financial institutions from 58 countries in the first version of its publically available Islamic Banking Database. Currently the dataset presents financial data for 73 of these institutions, which accounts for about $674 billion of the global Islamic assets (Table 1). To ensure accuracy, the information presented in the Islamic Banking Database is obtained from financial statements of the financial institutions, central banks, the Islamic Development Bank, and other regulatory and supervisory bodies. An earlier version of the dataset was also made available at the country level in Appendix C of the 2014 GFDR.
The Islamic Banking Database is currently in its first version. Financial data for the other 300+ institutions will be published in several iterations as they are compiled. So, please make sure to check back frequently. In the meantime, your comments and suggestions are welcome at GFDR2014@worldbank.org!
Table 1. Islamic Assets, Liabilities, and Income, 2012 (by institution)
|Financial Institution||Country||Total Assets (Million USD)||Total Liabilities (Million USD)||Total Income (Million USD)|
|The Muslim Community Co-operative||Australia||22.9|
|Kauthar Bank JSC||Azerbaijan||21.7|
|Al Ahli United Bank||Bahrain||29,896.4||15,972.2|
|Al Salam Bank Bahrain||Bahrain||2,498.6||1,946.8||63.2|
|Al-Baraka Islamic Bank||Bahrain||3,761.4||3,313.9||108.3|
|Arab Islamic Bank (E.C)||Bahrain||87.6|
|Bahrain Islamic Bank||Bahrain||2,214.9||2,029.4||65.1|
|Capinnova Investment Bank||Bahrain||405.2||9.7||19.9|
|Citi Islamic Investment Bank E.C.||Bahrain||47.1||0.5||17.0|
|First Energy Bank B.S.C. (FEB)||Bahrain||3,713.8||638.8||214.1|
|Global Banking Corporation B.S.C.||Bahrain||120.0||8.4||4.1|
|Gulf Finance House||Bahrain||2,361.3||1,350.2||168.6|
|Gulf International Bank BSC||Bahrain||17,704.8||15,574.6||255.0|
|International Investment Bank B.S.C.||Bahrain||438.3||9.0||48.1|
|Khaleeji Commercial Bank BSC||Bahrain||1,254.7||938.0||35.9|
|Kuwait Finance House Bahrain||Bahrain||3,907.4||2,894.9||119.6|
|Liquidity Management Centre B.S.C||Bahrain||566.5||410.7||21.4|
|Seera Investment Bank B.S.C.||Bahrain||360.3||155.9||40.3|
|Venture Capital Bank B.S.C.||Bahrain||209.5||11.9||33.6|
|ABC Islamic Bank||Bahrain||2,828.8||2,203.0||42.5|
|Al-Arafah Islamic Bank Ltd||Bangladesh||1,861.3||1,686.1||87.0|
|ICB Islamic Bank Ltd||Bangladesh||40,092.1||63,062.0||1,713.2|
|Shahjalal Islami Bank Ltd||Bangladesh||1,668.7||1,545.5||81.9|
|Social Islami Bank Ltd (SIBL)||Bangladesh||1,431.1||1,304.5||69.2|
|Islami Bank Bangladesh Ltd||Bangladesh||6,015.1||5,520.8||307.4|
|Al Baraka Bank Egypt, Arab Rep.||Egypt, Arab Rep.||2,772.0||2,602.0||100.5|
|Faisal Islamic Bank of Egypt, Arab Rep.||Egypt, Arab Rep.||6,786.9||6,350.4||274.4|
|Arab Islamic Bank||Jordan||14.8|
|Gulf Investment House||Kuwait||230.4||163.4||14.6|
|Kuwait Finance House||Kuwait||52,232.0||46,509.1||2,705.9|
|Kuwait International Bank||Kuwait||4,438.7||3,669.4||159.5|
|Affin Islamic Bank Berhad||Malaysia||3,696.3||3,489.8||64.3|
|Al Rajhi Banking & Inv. Corp. (Malaysia)||Malaysia||18,547.5||16,657.2||583.4|
|Alliance Islamic Bank Berhad||Malaysia||17,258.6||15,807.8||599.3|
|AmIslamic Bank Berhad, Islamic Banking Services||Malaysia||7,985.0||7,411.1||272.9|
|Asian Finance Bank||Malaysia||939.8||782.0||14.7|
|Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad||Malaysia||12,513.1||11,475.5||467.8|
|Bank Muamalat Malaysia Berhad||Malaysia||6,643.7||6,139.7||192.3|
|CIMB Islamic Bank Berhad||Malaysia||17,128.1||16,344.5||347.8|
|Hong Leong Islamic Bank Berhad||Malaysia||7,323.5||6,927.1||123.4|
|Kuwait Finance House (Malaysia) Berhad||Malaysia||24,122.8||20,093.9||836.0|
|Maybank Islamic Berhad||Malaysia||30,572.2||29,052.4||652.8|
|RHB Islamic Bank Berhad||Malaysia||67,912.1||63,420.8||1,244.9|
|Standard Chartered Saadiq Berhad||Malaysia||19,437.5||17,995.9||622.3|
|Al Baraka Bank (Pakistan) Limited||Pakistan||760.0||698.0||20.1|
|Bank Islami Pakistan Limited||Pakistan||763.7||706.4||30.9|
|Burj Bank Limited||Pakistan||485.4||425.1||17.0|
|Faysal Bank Limited||Pakistan||3,220.8||3,005.0||146.6|
|Qatar Islamic bank||Qatar||20,104.9||16,763.4||694.3|
|Qatar International Islamic Bank||Qatar||7,844.8||6,461.5||258.4|
|Alinma Bank||Saudi Arabia||14,403.9||9,960.1||483.3|
|Bank Albilad||Saudi Arabia||78,964.5||67,373.9||5,596.8|
|Albaraka Bank Limited||South Africa||438.6||395.9||17.7|
|Faisal Islamic Bank||Sudan||1,270.4||1,161.5||86.2|
|Albaraka Turk Participation Bank||Turkey||6,892.0||6,210.9||394.6|
|Asya Finance Participation Bank||Turkey||11,958.6||10,645.1||745.1|
|Kuwait Turkish Participation Bank||Turkey||10,396.5||9,430.3||551.2|
|Turkiye Finance Participation Bank||Turkey||9,848.9||8,660.8||611.1|
|Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank||United Arab Emirates||23,322.8||19,878.2||970.8|
|Dubai Islamic Bank||United Arab Emirates||25,963.7||23,088.7||1,026.5|
|Emirates Islamic Bank||United Arab Emirates||10,145.3||9,431.5||273.2|
|Sharjah Islamic Bank||United Arab Emirates||4,986.7||3,776.8||175.9|
|European Islamic Investment Bank||United Kingdom||108.8||27.1||4.4|
|Arab Islamic Bank*||West Bank and Gaza||180.6|
|Tadhamon International Islamic Bank||Yemen, Rep.||2,103.3||1,817.6||59.6|
*: Data from 2009.
1. The reference point for the data is the end of 2012, unless indicated otherwise.
2. This is work in progress. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work.
3. The data are updated regularly, using publicly available sources of data and numbers provided by central banks and individual financial institutions.
4. The information is ordered alphabetically (by country and by institution name).
5. Empty cells indicate lack of data.
6. Some of the listed institutions only offer Shari'a compliant products and service while others have an Islamic Banking window where, alongside their conventional products, they also offer Shari'a compliant financial services.
7. "Country" refers to a territorial entity for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate, independent basis (not necessarily a state as understood by international law and practice).
8. Only institutions with available data are included in the table. Data on the other 300+ institutions are currently being compiled. Visit the Islamic Banking Database site to download the most recent database.