Happy New Year! In Sri Lanka, a time to celebrate many things – and to think


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 Joe Qian / World Bank
A group of women in a Sri Lanka Estate. Credit: Joe Qian / World Bank

Happy New Year to all our Sri Lankan friends and colleagues celebrating the Sinhala and Tamil New Year this month; and Happy Easter to those celebrating it.

This is my first opportunity to celebrate these various holidays in my adopted country. I love the energy, the buzz of excitement everywhere and the decorations coming up in many of the commercial districts. I have been asking so many questions about the importance of the New Year holiday; and at the same time enjoying the preparations for the festivities, the anticipation of the big day as well as the serious messages.

I have learnt that the Sinhala and Tamil New Year, also known as 'Aluth Avurudda' (in Sinhala) and 'Puthandu' (in Tamil) is very important to all Sri Lankans and it celebrates the traditional Lunar New Year. It is celebrated by most Sri Lankans – a point of Unity and a Joyful occasion.

Even more importantly the holiday coincides with the New Year celebrations of many traditional calendars of South and South East Asia – a regional point of unity! Above all, this is also known as the month of prosperity.

So what does the holiday mean to you as a Sri Lankan, or maybe you are someone like me who may not be Sri Lankan but loves the country and its people?    

At the World Bank Group, promoting shared prosperity and increasing the incomes of the poorest 40 percent of people in every country we work in is part of our mission. The first goal is to end extreme poverty or reduce the share of the global population that lives in extreme poverty to 3 percent by 2030.

A recent poverty assessment  carried out by the World Bank found that poverty rates have improved significantly across Sri Lanka in the last decade. It also identified that residents of the estate sector are still among the poorest in the country. The poverty head count (the proportion of a population that exists, or lives, below the 'poverty line') in the estate sector is 21 percent while urban and rural poverty are 8.1 and 4.6 percent respectively. If Sri Lanka is to prosper as a country, no one should be left behind.

 WDI and PovcalNet for figures prior to 2002, World Bank staff calculations based on HIES excluding Northern and Eastern Provinces from 2002 to 2012/13.
Sri Lanka has made significant progress in reducing poverty incidence amidst robust growth. Source: WDI and PovcalNet for figures prior to 2002, World Bank staff calculations based on HIES excluding Northern and Eastern Provinces from 2002 to 2012/13.

Poverty is not only about the amount of money you earn, for some it is about the amount of food they have access to!  The World Bank recently carried out a multisector nutrition assessment in Sri Lanka’s estate sector.

Below are some key findings of this report.

  1. Sri Lanka's estates are still home to many malnourished mothers and children under 5.
  2. Housing in Sri Lanka's estates has improved. Malnutrition has not. Why?
  3. Poor nutrition in Sri Lanka’s estates may be a key driver of national malnutrition levels.
  4. In Sri Lanka’s estate sector, low birth weight rates are 2.4 times higher than in cities.
  5. Resolving undernutrition in Sri Lanka’s estates will require multi-pronged strategies.
  6. In Sri Lanka’s estates, a lack of money is not the sole cause of a poor diet.
  7. 36 percent of children in Sri Lanka's estates are still stunted.
 Joe Qian / World Bank
Woman and child in a Sri Lanka Estate. Credit: Joe Qian / World Bank

Last month, I visited Hatton and interacted with a dynamic group of young people from the estates under a partnership initiative with Sarvodaya. This project was a pilot innovation to see if we could find joint solutions to the malnutrition issue with the community, using the study findings as a base.   In a period of less than a month, this group of young animators from the estates learnt how to use technology to effectively reach the community to discuss malnutrition, a tough subject matter to address with people they know intimately.  They used the opportunity to also advocate for changes in behaviors, such as prioritizing giving children and pregnant mothers a balanced diet; access to clean water through in-home treatment such as boiling; promoting home gardens, amongst others. They reached schools, homes and neighborhoods, engaged plantations’ management and communities.   

You are welcome to learn more, engage and encourage these young people by visiting their Facebook page. This initiative was made possible with support from a multi-donor trust fund known as the South Asia Food and Nutrition Security Initiative (SAFANSI).

 World Bank
World Bank Country Director for Sri Lanka, Idah Pswarayi-Riddihough with a group of young people from Sri Lanka’s estates who reach out to their communities to discuss malnutrition. Credit: Sarvodaya

I emphasized two key messages with the youths; it’s important that they see themselves as champions for poverty reduction and better nutrition in their homes and neighborhoods; and that through education they can help eliminate poverty - including nutrition poverty.  

As we celebrate this New Year let’s take a moment to acknowledge our blessings while also sparing a moment to think of the less fortunate.  It is after all the year to eradicate poverty.  What will you do make it happen?


Idah Z. Pswarayi-Riddihough

Country Director, Mozambique, Madagascar, Mauritius, Comoros and Seychelles

Thilak Mallawaarachchi
April 12, 2017

Bravo, Idah. Yes, indeed amidst progress Sri Lanka is lagging in dedicating poverty. As the this weeks's speech by WB President articulates, places like Sri Lanka has a challenge to help people meet their aspirations as the connectivity improves and the awareness about their own situation increases, often creating a sense of defeat. The estate sector has its peculiarities as to start with they defend from landless labourers. Lan ownership is closely linked to food availability in many poor countries. In most rural Sri Lanka, at least part of the food comes from the backyard - I grow my own in my adopted country in Australia, drawing on my parents' practice! For those on estates this may be one area that WB may pursue - community gardens for food, pleasure and profit. I work on promoting farming systems in Africa and market links in Asia through my good friends in ACIAR, a group linked to Australian Aid. Promoting young leadership, that you are trying to do is exceptionally valuable as are ways to promote rural entrepreneurship. Hope your efforts will succeed. A happy New Year. Thilak from Australia

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April 13, 2017

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April 20, 2017

Well done Idah. It just needs simple and practical approaches to empower marginalised populations to realise they can do it within their capacities. They do not necessarily need a high tech or large external support to bring desired change within their lives.