Land records go digital in Punjab, Pakistan


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Pakistan land records

The Government of Punjab started computerization of rural Land Records with the overall objective to improve service delivery and to resolve the overall dispersed nature of land records. The transaction costs were very high for the poor during the old days of patwari system. Women were denied their land rights and the low mobility of land markets contributed to preserving the highly unequal distribution of land and, therefore, opportunities to improve people’s livelihoods.
Before the Land Records Management Information System (LRMIS) was set up, the Board of Revenue (BOR),​Government of Punjab, operated a land record maintenance system which involved several levels of administration: the district, Tehsil, Qanungo circle, and Patwar circle. At the lowest administrative level of the records system – the Patwar Circle – are the Patwaris, who were not only responsible for preparing community maps and issuing land records, but also for many social, political, and administrative tasks. Administrative tasks included keeping weather records, collecting crop harvest information, reporting crimes, and updating the voter registry. Imagine 8,000 Patwaris maintaining the land records – usually very small holdings -- of about 20 million land owners. The Patwaris, who were the custodians of these confidential and important records, kept this information in a cloth bag called Basta.
LRMIS has been performing really well. The Project was rolled out in all 36 districts of Punjab. The Project has successfully tested linkages between the land records system and the deeds registration system. The biggest achievement of the project is that the time required to complete transactions has been reduced from 2 months to 45 minutes. Land record services are now provided on an automated basis throughout all 150 Tehsil Service Centers. There are many contributing factors to the success of the Project:

Political commitment: The Province of Punjab and the Board of Revenue have been strongly committed to improving the land records system.

Human capital: The Project hired top professionals who are proud to be good at their jobs and are willing to do even better.
IT and software connect with social inclusion and people’s participation. The LRMIS team designed an indigenous software tailored to the needs of the Punjab province and to the issues that needed to be resolved. The team undertook the detailed task of reviewing all manual records and data entry with exceptionally rigorous quality controls. These efforts included checking the double blind entry, system cross checks, complete verification by Patwaris and all records corrections and verifications. The software and the IT system, however, were unable to resolve the land records conundrum on their own unless a sustained and a clear social strategy to include and promote the participation of the ancestral Patwari system within the new and sophisticated computerized system was set in place. The incentives to foster the involvement and participation of the Patwaris to clean and update the records was and remains crucial. They continue to play a key role within the overall governance of the land records system, but in a regularized form with checks and balances. It was proven that it is more efficient to work through and with the existing local institutions while seeking changes needed to attain objectives.
Governance and the relationship between decentralization and centralization: Clearly a balance between decentralized land administration and management on one hand and national level direction on the other is necessary but how to achieve this balance is the tricky part. While the BOR is the institution providing direction at the provincial level with the implementation of the LRMIS, at the local district (Tehsil) level data centers called Arazi Record Centers (ARCs) were created. The establishment of about 150 ARCs increases access for the local population by reducing the physical distance between them and the ARCs. The centers have contributed to reduced costs, increased transparency, reduced transaction time and improved good governance.
LRMIS has contributed tremendously towards protection of women’s land rights. Records are computerized. The succession law is applied; one part for women and two parts for men. The ARCs also have reserved areas to service women and senior citizens; these are operated by female staff, thereby contributing to women’s participation in Pakistan’s workforce.
For Pakistan and for the Province of Punjab and for the Board of Revenue, as the implementing agency, this Project has been a challenge.  Now it is a challenge of success, i.e., how to expand it to the rest of Punjab nay Pakistan.  


Mary Lisbeth Gonzalez

Senior Social Development Specialist

faiz ul hassan
October 27, 2016

A very good blog on the achievements of the project which was thought to be a non-starter initially.

October 27, 2016

Well done. It is a great achievement for Govt Of Punjab.

Mubashir arif
October 27, 2016

A dream watched by C.M Punjab Mr. Shahbaz Sharif and achieved shows his great commitment and excellent skills of management.
A great relief for the people of Punjab
Thank you C.M Punjab

Malik Waseem
October 27, 2016

Thumbs up for the team LRMIS for its untiring efforts to make the land record safe.peoples' access to the record has become easy.Transparent and corruption free operations at Arazi Record centres are admirable and appreciable.We are thankful to the govt of punjab esp the worthy CM Punjab Mian Shahbaz shareef.

Ali Raja
October 27, 2016

This is to notify that this new system is again under the shadow of bribery in all aspects. From hiring till service delivery. . You can judge by your self while visiting in field at service centres

Nadia Manager SDPR
October 28, 2016

Dear Ali, I would appreciate if you can specifically mention any incidence of bribe or corruption indicating the service acquired and the staff involved etc. You can get your complaint registered through calling at (92-42)99268047/48 Ext 103 or written complaint/application at Manager SDPR, PMU-LRMIS 57 C-II Gulberg III, Lahore Pakistan. Afterwards The management will be able to take necessary action and will keep you posted on the proceedings/follow up.

Yasar Mehmood
April 07, 2017

Dear Sir / Madam. I would like to inform you that many branches of Punjab Bank are taking bribe for issuing e stamp on time. and who refuses to pay bribe to bank officials they simply say that the Link is down and we cannot issue you e stamp.
this is a very serious issue in Multan Region. plz take keen interest in this matter.

October 27, 2016

Well done Mary! Congratulations for these achievements in Punjab.

October 27, 2016

Congratulations Mary Gonzalez you always get things done while making friends around the world. Proud of my Costa Rican friend.

October 28, 2016

Great achievement of the excellent LRMIS PMU team as result of their hard and dedicated work over many years. But I'd like to distinguish the IT and Operations group that convincingly proved how ICT can drive such a drastic transformations in a very complex and politically sensitive domain.

October 31, 2016

Sindh is ahead of other provinces ,Sindh board of revenue land records application is available on Google play store, how much it is being used for official dealings and how frequently it is being updated is unknown.

María Elena Castro
November 05, 2016

Excellent jon

Malik Waseem
November 23, 2016

Digitalization is the other name of empowerment of kissan.Patwar culture is taking its last breaths.Rampant corruption was prevalent in the ex system.New system is transparent,efficient and equitable.

Haseeb bhatti
November 23, 2016

Well done

Muhammad Iqbal
December 31, 2016


Ishfaq Baloch
January 19, 2017

A land mark project for government of Punjab with support of world bank.The same nature of project has been initiated in Balochistan.Due to lack of financial resources the project is getting delayed. Hope world bank may also assist Government of Balochistan to implement LRMIS project.

Allah Dad
March 17, 2017

My village Jabi Kasran Teh Fateh Jang District Attock has not been included in list of villge shown while searching in computerized land record website. Whereas land of my villge has been computerized. Please include the name of Village Jabi Kasran tehsil Fateh Jang. Thanks

March 27, 2017

Digital land records are reducing huge amount of corruption across the world .

Naeem Rabbani
January 03, 2019

why lukho dyr is not included in this programmer. i have a piece of land there, dont know how to get details. anyone, please answer.

January 14, 2019

very nice for the people of punjab