Her old dwelling located in Namobuddha municipality in Nepal’s central hills was damaged by the 2015 earthquake. A group of mobile masons is busy building a new house for her, in the adjacent courtyard. “I cannot wait to move into the new house,” she says with an apparent glimmer of hope in her eyes.
Padam Bahadur Kami’s landless family is also getting their house built by the same construction crew while more than a hundred kilometers away from Namobuddha, another crew is building a house for elderly Dipa Bahadur Kunwar and his wife in Nuwakot.
Nepal Earthquake Housing Reconstruction Project (EHRP) are ensuring that all vulnerable residents in earthquake-affected areas get a roof over their heads.In the final reconstruction stretch, the teams mobilized by Nepal Reconstruction Authority (NRA) under the World Bank-supported
Single women, elderlies above 75, minors with no guardian, and persons with disabilities fall into the most vulnerable category and can receive additional cash grants for housing.
In the final reconstruction stretch, the teams mobilized by Nepal Reconstruction Authority (NRA) are ensuring that all vulnerable residents in earthquake-affected areas get a roof over their heads.
“We have been working diligently to identify and support the most vulnerable ones in our ward. It is often challenging to manage the expectations and positively discriminate those in need”, says Amrita Parajuli Adhikari, a local people’s representative coordinating support for Man Kumari and Padam Bahadur, both of whom were missed-out in NRA’s initial list of vulnerable beneficiaries.
Socio-technical assistance: Key to owner-driven reconstruction
An owner-driven approach puts the homeowners at the heart of the reconstruction, who take key decisions about the rebuilding. To make sure that the decisions made are well-informed by the resilience and safety protocols, socio-technical assistance (STA) teams comprised of field engineers, social mobilizers, and mobile masons go door to door providing crucial information to the homeowners on building resilient and safer houses.
NRA recruited, deployed, and mobilized 755 mobile masons and 246 social mobilizers in early 2020 to expand socio-technical assistance and spur reconstruction efforts.
While socio-technical assistance is a critical part of the overall reconstruction from the beginning, it is particularly significant in providing tailored support to those who could not start or finish rebuilding their homes because of various reasons including old age, disability, or illness. In this regard, NRA recruited, deployed, and mobilized 755 mobile masons and 246 social mobilizers in early 2020 to expand socio-technical assistance and spur reconstruction efforts.
Reconstruction continues amid the pandemic
Already running its fifth year, reconstruction activities have continued unabated during the COVID-19 pandemic. For many earthquake-affected people, access to safe and resilient houses was key to shelter themselves from the virus. To that end, NRA proactively issued COVID-19 safety protocols for mobile masons and social mobilizers to keep up the pace of reconstruction.
While mobile masons physically participate in the reconstruction, the local governments facilitate procurement of construction material on credit, and communities provide in-kind and labor support.
NRA proactively issued COVID-19 safety protocols for mobile masons and social mobilizers to keep up the pace of reconstruction.
Social mobilizers act as the bridge connecting these entities—they mobilize the technical teams and communities and coordinate with local governments, civil society organizations, and other reconstruction stakeholders to plan and implement general STA support to the overall earthquake-affected residents and focused hands-on support to the most vulnerable persons.
All are now preparing to move to safer houses, hopefully before the monsoon starts.