International trade has a critical role to play in environmental protection and the effort to mitigate climate change. While it certainly isn’t always framed this way, it is important to realize...

Miles McKenna, Jaime de Melo, Mariana Vijil |

Corruption continues to plague customs administrations around the world regardless of their level of development and despite intense public attention. Recent high profile cases in many first world...

Gerard McLinden, Miles McKenna |

It is July 2012 and cattle farmers in Nicaragua are worried because Guatemala has enacted a series of laws that restrict beef trade. These so-called “non-tariff measures, ” or NTMs, require that...

Jose Daniel Reyes, Maria Jose Gonzalez Rivas |