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Chart: Countries Where over 80% of Electricity is Renewable

Tariq Khokhar's picture
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A fifth of the world's electricity production in 2012 came from renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, geothermal, and hydropower. The International Energy Agency estimates this could rise to a quarter of the world's production by 2020.

Note: I picked "over 80%" just for emphasis - I was surprised by the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa such as Zambia where hydropower is a big part of the energy generation mix. You can see a map with values for all countries with available data here.


Submitted by Mark Smedley, editor, Natural Gas Africa on

It's an interesting graphic. Many sub-Saharan countries also have v low 2012 World Bank access to electricity ratings: 9.8% for Malawi, 10.8% for Central African Rep, 16.4% for Congo Dem.Rep, 20.2% for Mozambique and 22.4% for Zambia so are eager for some non-renewable alternatives. Malawi is eying coal-fired power. Because of intermittent hydro in Ghana, the World Bank is supporting projects to increase local gas production (much cleaner than coal). A high renewables proportion of the energy mix in some countries just means a scarcity of alternative energy and investment capital. The boss of Eni, an investor in gas-fired power in Africa, last week addressed 'the curse of biomass' in a guest lecture at the IEA and called for more effort to electrify Africa:

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