Zero Tolerance: the striking data behind female genital mutilation

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On February 6, the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is observed. These procedures—recognized and criticized as a violation of women’s basic human rights in the international community—involve partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.

This practice does not provide any health benefits and instead poses serious risks to women's health, including chronic infections, pain, menstrual problems, and complications during childbirth. Its eradication has even been set as one the SDGs, specifically as SDG target 5.3.

Currently, at least 200 million women and girls are estimated to have undergone FGM. Data from the Demographic and Health Surveys and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys reveal that more than half of women aged 15-49 in 13 countries across western, eastern, and north-eastern Africa have undergone FGM.  In Somalia, Guinea and Djibouti, the prevalence of FGM is extremely high: more than 90 percent of women ages 15-49 have experienced FGM.  
 


Eliminating FGM presents numerous challenges. While countries are making progress in banning FGM, these legislations have met with resistance from some communities, thus hindering progress. It is imperative that immediate and coordinated international, national, and local endeavors are undertaken to actively advocate for the cessation of FGM. 

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Authors

Haruna Kashiwase

Consultant, Development Data Group, World Bank

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Grimaldo Huacac Gallegos -- Cusco-Perú
February 23, 2024

ES MUY GRAVE AL TENER CONOCIMIENTO SOBRE MUTILACION GENITAL DE LAS MUJERES EN CONTINNENTE AFRICANO EN LOS PAISES NUMERADOS HASTA 99% QUE PASAN AL 200 MILLONES ESTA CLASE MUTILACIONES GENITALES, ESTO ES MALA POLITICA CRIMINAL CONTRA LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS UNIVERSALES EN LA PRACTICA PARA EVITAR MAUOR CREDIMIENTO DE LA POBLACION; ESTO ES, EN VEZ, DE PROYECTAR PROGRAMAS REVOLUCIONARIAS EDUCACIONALES DE CONCIENTIZACION, SENCIBILIZACION EN LA POBLACION UNA "PLANIFICACION FAMLIAR" PARA EVITAR LOS EMBARAZOS CON ESTUDIOS CIENTIFICOS MEDICINALES MÉDICAS, HASTA CON MEDICAMENTO NATURALES (PLOANTAS MEDICINALES) QUE NO AFECTA EN LO ABSOLUTO LA SALUD HUMANA, ESTO ES, EN LA POBLACION DE EXTREMA POBREZ Y POBRESA PARA QUE NO AFECTE EN SUS ECONOMIA; PORQUE LA POBLACION DE EXTREMA POBREZA Y POBREZA, NO SABEN "PLANIFICACION FAMILIAR Y DISCIPLINARSE", ESTO ES POR VICIOS SEXUALES ES POCREAR HIJOS, SIN TENER CONOCIMIENTO TÉCNICA PARA VIVIR, ESTO ES, PLANIFICAR EL PRESUPUESTO ECONOMICO PARA CADA HIJO PARA POCREADO, PARA EDUCAR, VESTIR, ALIMENTAR, VIVIENDA, TRABAJO ESTABLE, SI ESTOS HECHOS EXPUESTO, ES LA FALTA POLITICA CONSTRUCTIVA DE LOS GOBERNANTES EN ESTOS PAISES.
ME DESPIDO CON PEQUEÑA IDEAS SOCIALES, CULTURALES Y ESTRUCTURADO
GRIMALDO HUACAC GALLEGOS--DESDE CUSCO--PERÚ-- SALUDOS