The specific socio-economic conditions and needs of refugee returnees is a major policy concern requiring a robust policy response. Our study looked at the living conditions of the large Afghan…

Nandini Krishnan, Christina Wieser |

Investing in and protecting human capital is a key element of the first institution-wide strategy on fragility, conflict and violence (FCV) of the World Bank Group. Health is a critical element of…

Muhammad Ali Pate, Franck Bousquet |

In countries affected by fragility, conflict, and violence, the private sector plays a critical role in providing jobs and income. Inclusive and sustainable economic growth can also help heal…

Martin Spicer, Franck Bousquet |

School children in Bangladesh. Photo: World Bank A healthy mix of innovation, continuous engagement, and effective implementation can bring about sustained transformation in public procurement. A…

Zafrul Islam |

Governments spend a lot of money to contain violence. [[tweetable]]In 2015, some $1.7 trillion was spent on defense by governments worldwide[[/tweetable]] . While the primary responsibility for…

Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez, Bernard Harborne |

Photo credit: Graham Crouch/World Bank In my blog “The Governance Gap – can we bridge it?”, I stressed that strengthened institutions and improved governance are especially critical for the world’…

Deborah Wetzel |

"The average length of time that refugees spend in camps is 17 years." This cruel statistic has been quoted many times, influencing our perception of refugee crises as never-ending…

Xavier Devictor, Quy-Toan Do |

Earlier this year I was on a panel organized during the Fragility Forum 2016, where the question posed to a panel of five was, “[[tweetable]]what can we do on energy in fragile states?[[/tweetable…

Charles Feinstein |

Bill Lyons / World Bank A new World Bank report addressing the widespread dissatisfaction of citizens with the delivery of essential public services and calling for accountability in public…

Mario Marcel |

Gaza. Displaced persons. Photo: © Natalia Cieslik / World Bank From civil wars in Mali and Iraq to urban crime in Central America, perceptions of injustice are central to fueling violence and…

Hassane Cisse, Betty Bigombe |