Growing a business is not easy, and for women firm owners the challenges can be acute, especially when they are poor and run subsistence level firms. In developing countries, 22 percent of women…

Mayra Buvinic, Joao Montalvao, Amy Copley |

This page in: Français Across European countries, women continue to earn less than men. Looking at data for full-time working women across 30 countries, we find that women would have needed an…

Gabriela Inchauste, Ana Maria Munoz-Boudet, Paola Buitrago Hernandez |

Also available in: Français  Land and property lie at the center of many of today’s pressing development challenges. Consider that at most 10% of land in rural Africa is reliably registered. At…

Klaus Deininger |

When you think of Bhutan, you typically think of the tall mountains of the Himalayas, or you think of this nation adding the ‘Gross National Happiness’, or GNH indicator onto the global…

Hartwig Schafer |

Evaluate the following statements according to whether they are “not at all true”, “hardly true”, “moderately true” or “exactly true”: I can always manage to solve difficult problems if I try hard…

Maira Reimao |

Imagine having to skip work every month to travel to the city center just to pay your electricity bill or your child’s school fee? Would you not worry if your income relied on remittances and you…

Leora Klapper, Ruth Goodwin-Groen |

Economists are often disappointed by research findings that show a statistically insignificant effect. This sometimes even leads researchers to stop pursuing a topic that might otherwise engage…

Carlos Rodríguez Castelán, Fernanda Marquez-Padilla, Francisco Perez-Arce |

Productive inclusion is the buzzword taking shape in social policy circles in Latin America, and other middle income countries. Graduation out of social assistance does not equate with (or presume…

Emanuela Galasso |

The potentially deleterious effects of gender disparities on growth and poverty reduction have been receiving progressively more policy attention (reflected, for instance, in the inclusion of the…

Rita Costa, Bob Rijkers |