In the classroom. Belgrade, Serbia. Photo: Z. Mrdja/World Bank In terms of schooling, Serbia has made great strides in ensuring universal access to pre-primary, primary, and lower-secondary…

Harry A. Patrinos, Syedah Aroob Iqbal |

Illicit trade in tobacco products undermines global tobacco prevention and control interventions, particularly with respect to tobacco tax policy. From a public health perspective, illicit trade…

Sheila Dutta |

Public school teachers in Brazil, Indonesia or Peru have stable jobs, enjoy high level of legal protection, and are part of teacher unions that shield them politically. Public school teachers in…

Jaime Saavedra, Hanna Alasuutari, Marcela Gutierrez |

Principals have to deal with hundreds of students and their personal and academic challenges. (Photo: Sarah Farhat​ / World Bank) All schools are different. I’m not referring to the building, the…

Jaime Saavedra |

International assessments aren’t perfect but they offer useful insights into how countries can help all students learn to high levels. (Photo: Dominic Chavez / World Bank) Results for the…

Marguerite Clarke |

Also available in: Español Measuring young children's skills in Malawi. A couple of years ago Room to Read, a non-profit organization for improving literacy and gender equality in education…

Harry A. Patrinos |

Syrian refugee students listen to their school teacher during math classes.  Photo © Dominic Chavez/World Bank ​In Europe, the year 2015 will be remembered as the year of the “refugee crisis.”…

Christian Bodewig |

Photo Credit: Barbara Bruns / World Bank Anyone working in education is familiar with the story of Finland’s remarkable evolution into one of the world’s top-performing education systems. The…

Barbara Bruns |

The following piece appeared as a guest blog in the UK's Guardian this past week. A good public education system means public spending – but not necessarily public provision. In OECD…

Harry A. Patrinos |

In Jishnu Das' Notes From the Field: Playing Chicken in India post, he explored an impact evaluation he was involved in, over a decade ago on India's mid-day meal scheme. Keeping on this…

Nicole Goldstein |