The first time a World Bank education team tried classroom observations in Brazil, it nearly provoked a state-wide teachers’ strike. It was October 2009 in the northeast state of Pernambuco and…

Daphna Berman |

As the world becomes increasingly urbanized, the number of megacities is growing rapidly. Today there are 37 cities worldwide with populations of greater than 10 million, and 84 with populations…

Philip E. Karp, Peter Ellis, Barjor Mehta |

Gender parity in educational attainment may mask other important inequalities. (Photo: Vuong Hai Hoang / World Bank) In many ways, girls’ education is a success story in global development.…

Stephanie Psaki, Katharine McCarthy, Barbara Mensch |

A growing number of students in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa are enrolled in private primary or secondary schools. The World Development Report 2018 (on which I was a co-author) highlighted…

David Evans |

When the Bank did its first social assistance public expenditure review in Indonesia in 2012, the diagnosis was clear. Despite spending significant amount of resources in “welfare”, most of them…

Pablo Acosta |

School girls in Berastagi, North Sumatra, Indonesia. © Axel Drainville via Creative Commons In 1978, we both started our high school education in our home city of Semarang. Our alma mater is…

Sri Mulyani Indrawati, Retno Marsudi |

Photo: Dane Macri/The Advocacy Project via Flickr CC. The relationship between poverty and disability goes both ways: [[tweetable]]disability increases the risk of poverty[[/tweetable]], and[[…

Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo |

An elementary student with an enumerator in Wewak, Papua New Guinea. (Photo: Kabira Namit / World Bank) So, you are about to start field research in education. Whether you are planning a…

Kabira Namit |

The Lycée Eucalyptus, a high school in Nice, France, sits close to the airport, surrounded to the west and north by a resolutely working-class neighborhood and by a more middle-class area to the…

Simon Thacker |

A woman tends to plants in a nursery in Sri Lanka. © Lakshman Nadaraja/World Bank [[tweetable]]We face global challenges on an unprecedented scale[[/tweetable]]: climate change, natural disasters…

Marie-Claude Bibeau, Kristalina Georgieva |