This is the fifteenth in our series of job market posts this year.    For better or for worse, social norms have profound influence on many of the decisions we make—from political to personal.…

Development Impact Guest Blogger |

Kazakhstan. Photo: Kubat Sydykov / World Bank How large is the share of public procurement to GDP in middle-income and low-income countries and how it is evolving? If sizable, can public…

Simeon Djankov, Federica Saliola, Asif Islam |

Photo Credit: J Endres via Flickr Creative Commons I’ve spent the last 18 years in Sub-Saharan Africa working with governments on making public-private partnerships (PPPs) work for their countries…

Elan Cusiac-Barr |

We all know that people respond to incentives.   Even in the public sector – where pay and conditions are often fixed – there is a growing body of research demonstrating how public sector…

Georgia Harley |

Former Bougainvillean combatant, now cocoa farmer, Timothy Konovai (right) tries out VR for the first time (Photo: World Bank / Alana Holmberg)

Tom Perry |

Numbers don’t lie. That’s why, in our day-to-day lives, we rely heavily on numbers from household surveys, from national accounts, and from other traditional sources to describe the world around…

Giorgia DeMarchi |

The European Summer is over. We’ve traded our sunscreen for spreadsheets and it’s budget time. Across Europe, Ministries of Justice, Courts, and Judicial Councils are preparing their budget plans…

Georgia Harley |

College students in Vietnam. © World Bank As in much of the rest of the developing world, developing countries in East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) have made progress in closing many gender…

Sudhir Shetty |

Beneficiaries from a safety net program in Madagascar, most of them women, receive regular cash grants and training on nutrition, early childhood development and leadership skills. Photo by:…

Michal Rutkowski |

Better educated women secure brighter futures for themselves and lift entire households out of poverty. While Hillary Clinton is cracking the glass ceiling, if not yet shattering it entirely, in…

Keiko Inoue |