This question is particularly relevant in the context of traditional public agricultural extension services. Expensive and burdened by high rates of under-staffing and low levels of accountability…

Maria Jones, Florence Kondylis |

Liza (center) with her classmate Recently I met an inspiring student: 12-year-old Song Liza, who told me about her goal of becoming a doctor. Her reasoning is simple: one, because the shortage of…

Saroeun Bou |

It has been almost four years since I first became involved with the regional public-private dialogue initiative, the Caribbean Growth Forum (CGF). In June 2012, I walked into the conference room…

Israel Mallett |

Also available in: Français A public faucet that serves 1, 000 families in el Alto, Bolivia. Photo credit: Stephan Bachenheimer / World Bank Small towns* typically have not been well served by…

Fadel Ndaw |

Much work remains to be done to ensure reliable electricity access for Africa's citizens. A number of complications are making it difficult to achieve this UN Sustainable Development Goal.…

Charles Feinstein |

The Middle East and North Africa region has never faced such significant stress on its ageing infrastructure like it does today, with one of the most telling being the substantial increase in the…

Sameh Mobarek, Moëz Cherif, Fanny Missfeldt-Ringius |

Understanding macroeconomic volatility part 3Read parts 1 & 2
There’s good evidence that a country’s level of financial development affects the impact of volatility on economic growth,…

Francisco G. Carneiro, Ha Minh Nguyen, Rei Odawara |

Understanding Macroeconomic Volatility: Part 2 The fact is that a government can soften a recession by increasing spending (the counter-cyclical approach) to raise demand and output. If government…

Francisco G. Carneiro, Ha Minh Nguyen, Rei Odawara |