In the past decade, the GCC countries have made a number of steps towards improving women’s access to education, health care, and employment, as well as encouraging women to participate in…

Issam Abousleiman |

Rubens Donizeti Valeriano - Panamericano de MTB XCO 2014 - Barbacena - MG - Brasil. Photo: Daniela Luna Evidence-based rule-making for private sector development and service deliveryANNOUNCEMENT…

Jim Brumby |

First confession: I am a seasoned smoker. Next confession: I have long dreamed of adding “former” to that status. From time to time, my inner struggle reaches a crescendo, but then the momentum…

Vigen Sargsyan |

Photo credit: Dmitry Karyshev Armenia was faced with a slowing economy, sinking remittances, and inefficient tax administration. At the same time, ordinary taxpayers had to navigate arduous…

Julia Oliver, Maximilian Mareis |

Kazakhstan. Photo: Kubat Sydykov / World Bank How large is the share of public procurement to GDP in middle-income and low-income countries and how it is evolving? If sizable, can public…

Simeon Djankov, Federica Saliola, Asif Islam |

I was quite surprised recently to find out that a poll of 1, 066 people across Yerevan and all ten regions of Armenia revealed substantial gaps in public awareness of food safety and people's…

Vigen Sargsyan |

June is almost upon us, and in many parts of the world that means graduation ceremonies.  While graduation may elicit images of black robes, flat square caps, and the flipping of tassels, in the…

Carmen Carpio, Carla Pantanali |

Inequality begins early in life. In the Middle East and North Africa region it begins before birth, as prenatal care is not universal, and continues right through early childhood with different…

Will Stebbins |