© Julia Pacheco/世界银行 赛琳娜·玛利亚17岁时就怀上了双胞胎,她因此不得不辍学,并从巴伊亚移居到里约热内卢。正因为如此,她很难找到好的正规工作。一路走来,她遭受了很多困境——从无家可归到找失业,同时她和孩子们还面临粮食不安全的威胁。目前,全球有成百上千万像赛琳娜这样的人面临诸多制约因素——收入低、资产有限、人力资本少、特定冲击以及对自然冲击、暴力等的暴露,他们渴望过上体面…

Kathy Lindert, Phillippe Leite, Tina George Karippacheril, Ines Rodriguez Caillava |

© Julia Pacheco/World Bank Celina Maria migrated from Bahia to Rio de Janeiro when she was just 17 and pregnant with twins, without completing her education and therefore have had difficulties…

Kathy Lindert, Phillippe Leite, Tina George Karippacheril, Ines Rodriguez Caillava |

The debate on whether the state should play an active role in broadening access to finance or not is one that has lingered for decades. A recent book (de la Torre, Gozzi, and Schmukler, 2017)…

Sergio Schmukler, Facundo Abraham |

Photo: LWYang | Flickr Creative Commons Since the 1980s, investment in Brazil’s infrastructure has declined from 5% to a little above 2% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), scarcely…

Paul Procee |

© Thinkstock C’était il y a dix ans, juste avant la crise mondiale. Lehman Brothers ne s’était pas encore effondré, Fannie Mae et Freddie Mac n’avaient pas encore été mises sous tutelle. Les…

M. Coskun Cangoz |

© Thinkstock Fue hace 10 años, justo antes de la crisis mundial, cuando Lehman Brothers no se había derrumbado y Fannie Mae y Freddie Mac no habían sido puestos bajo tutela. Para los…

M. Coskun Cangoz |

© Thinkstock It was ten years ago, right before the global crisis when Lehman Brothers had not collapsed, and Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac had not been placed into conservatorship. For debt managers…

M. Coskun Cangoz |

Também disponível em: Português   Worldwide, e-commerce has experienced explosive growth over the past decade, including in developing countries. The 2015 Global Retail E-Commerce Index ranks…

Bianca Bianchi Alves, Paulo Fernandes de Oliveira, Giulliane Fioravanti |

Many countries are experiencing urbanization within the context of increased decentralization and fiscal adjustment. This puts sub-national entities (local governments, utilities and state-owned…

Kirti Devi, Luciana Guimaraes Drummond E Silva |

The world is urbanizing fast—200, 000 people are moving to cities every day in search of homes, jobs, as well as education and healthcare services for their families. Supporting this influx with…

Luis Triveno, Martim Smolka |