It is undeniable that progress has been made in reducing extreme poverty over the last quarter century—from 36 percent of the world population in 1990 to an estimated 8.6 percent in 2018—and that…

Philippe H. Le Houérou, Antoinette Sayeh |

Photo: Alex Proimos/Flickr Transport has a key part to play in connecting people to the resources they need in order to reach their full potential. In other words, transport and human capital go…

Karla Dominguez Gonzalez, Nathalie Picarelli, Malaika Becoulet |

Illicit trade in tobacco products undermines global tobacco prevention and control interventions, particularly with respect to tobacco tax policy. From a public health perspective, illicit trade…

Sheila Dutta |

Globally, 56 percent of children live in countries with Human Capital Index (HCI) scores below 0.5. As these countries gear up to improve their human capital outcomes, it is vital to set a target…

Zelalem Yilma Debebe |

Economic inclusion programs provide a “big push” to help the extreme poor and other vulnerable people move into sustainable livelihoods, and can play an important part in poverty reduction. Photo…

Ines Arevalo, Michelle Kaffenberger, Aude de Montesquiou |

Graphic: World Bank Can developing countries create strong Public Financial Management (PFM) systems, without a way to measure progress and make corrections? This would be like a ship sailing…

Srinivas Gurazada |

In Gaile Parkin's novel Baking Cakes in Kigali, two women living in Kigali, Rwanda – Angel and Sophie – argue over the salary paid to a development worker: "Perhaps these big…

David Evans |

Entering data. Photo: World Bank In the fiscal transparency arena, people often hear two conflicting claims. First, governments complain that few people take advantage of fiscal information that…

Paolo de Renzio, Massimo Mastruzzi |

This satellite image shows Sao Paolo's estimated “urban areas” based on a WorldPop gridded population layer. Areas in yellow are areas with at least 300 people per km2 and a known settlement…

David Mason |

Globally 2.9 million people died from household air pollution in 2015, caused by cooking over foul, smoky fires from solid fuels such as wood, charcoal, coal, animal dung, and agricultural crop…

Ernesto Sanchez-Triana, Bjorn Klavdy Larsen |