Learn more about the potential of the sovereign green, social and sustainability bond market to mobilize private capital.

Farah Imrana Hussain, Helena Dill, Banu Turhan Kayaalp |

The transition away from coal offers the prospect of repurposing post-mining land—fueling both economic opportunities and clean energy.

Wolfhart Pohl |

Find out how the World Bank is helping Poland improve air quality and energy efficiency by taking into consideration homeowners' attitudes when facing the need to invest in energy efficiently…

Jonathan Karver, Reena Badiani-Magnusson, James Carroll |

Many governments struggle with tax evasion and tax compliance. In the EU, VAT fraud continues to be a major contributor to revenue loss. Improving tax compliance became a priority for the Polish…

David Palmer, Iwona Warzecha, Rajul Awasthi |

Few firms or businesses in Europe and Central Asia escaped the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many experienced decreased sales, output and productivity, especially at the onset of the…

Anna Bjerde, Asli Demirgüç-Kunt |

The COVID19 pandemic triggered an unprecedented crisis in education which no one was prepared for. Schools suddenly closed, and students (along with teachers) had to adapt to virtual learning.

Harry A. Patrinos, Tigran Shmis, Alina Sava |

​​​​Two years into a pandemic that has shaken the world, policymaking remains a delicate balance between protecting those who cannot always protect themselves, nurturing the recovery, and keeping…

Gallina Andronova Vincelette, Reena Badiani-Magnusson, Mona Prasad |

Reducing air pollution will improve people’s health, reduce GHG emissions, achieve billions in economic gains across Central Asia, and save thousands of lives each year.

Lilia Burunciuc |

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant damage to human capital development across Europe and Central Asia. Lengthy periods of school closure have resulted in major learning losses among…

Fadia Saadah |

Crises define generations. It will be no different for the young people who are experiencing today’s pandemic – the cost of which for them, in mental, educational and labor terms, has reached $1.7…

Piotr Arak |