Ukraine and Russia supply key goods to the world economy: food products such as wheat, corn, and seed oils, and energy products and fertilisers for agriculture. The war in Ukraine has exacerbated…

Gladys Lopez-Acevedo, Minh Cong Nguyen |

Financial services such as payments, savings accounts, and credit can help drive development by helping people escape poverty by facilitating investments in their health, education, and businesses…

Saniya Ansar, Jijun Wang, Mansi Vipin Panchamia, Sri Sravya Raaga Akkineni |

The Global Findex 2021 contains a deep array of insights on global account ownership, usage, and financial resilience. Two trends seen in the data are particularly worth exploring given the impact…

Leora Klapper, Jean Pesme, Sophie Sirtaine |

In an upcoming publication “An Economic Memorandum for the Brazilian Amazon” we introduce the concept of a model-based KPI. The key idea here is that outcome and performance are not the same.…

Fiona Stewart, Bryan Gurhy, Marek Hanusch, Dieter Wang |

Every debt crisis begins with unheeded warnings and ends with severe limits on investment in education, health, and infrastructure among other things. These crises often spark civil unrest and…

Marcello Estevão, Sebastian Essl |

How can finance ministries take part in climate action? Let us outline some of the key areas where they can play a role and methods to promote legislation to contribute to national commitments.…

Jens Kromann Kristensen, Laura De Castro Zoratto, Nadir Mohammed |

Flexible exchange rates help weather external shocks, provided exports respond in a timely manner.

Gonzalo Varela |

This blog analyses the consequences of an energy shock on global growth. It puts the current rise in energy prices into historical context, presents model-based estimates of its growth impacts,…

Justin-Damien Guénette, Jeetendra Khadan |

This blog examines issues related to how ITMO (internationally transferred mitigation outcomes) markets function, their impacts on potential ITMO-supplying countries, and their potential for…

Klaus Oppermann, Jon Strand |

The European calendar provisioning brought regulation back in time by foregoing model-based analyses of the risk associated with loan exposures to rely on a simple measure of time elapsed.

Davide S. Mare, Franco Fiordelisi, Gabriele Lattanzio |