Today, 4.4 billion people— just over half the world’s population—live in cities. In just the next three decades, two out of every three people on the planet will live in cities. Cities are the…

Juergen Voegele |

Women’s decision-making is often used as an indicator of women’s bargaining power in the household. This paper uses a spousal survey of 421 farmer couples in the Philippines to measure the extent…

Sundas Liaqat, Aletheia Amalia Donald, Forest Jarvis, Elizaveta Perova, Hillary C. Johnson |

“We must dare to invent the future.” The Government of Uganda (GoU) is embracing Burkina Faso’s former president Thomas Sankara’s dictum. Even as Uganda remains at the center of Africa’s largest…

Chris Mahony, Barry Maher, Simeon Abel |

Virtual reality (VR) offers teachers and school administrators opportunities to foster empathy and cohesion with refugee students, as is already happening through a World Bank-supported project in…

Marjorie Chinen, Ana María Oviedo |

A generation of students across the globe will likely suffer lifelong losses to their earning potential because of the closure of schools and universities due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Kuwaiti…

Mohamed Ihsan Ajwad, Simon Bilo |

While recent decades have seen a narrowing of gender gaps, more innovative approaches are needed to tackle persistent challenges. This World Bank policy note helps to motivate and guide policy…

Christopher Walsh, Ana Maria Rojas Méndez, Abigail Dalton |

For over a decade, Women, Business and the Law has been examining laws affecting women's participation in the economy. The 2022 edition of the report contributes new pilot data on laws for…

Tea Trumbic, Diva Dhar, Alena Sakhonchik, Jungwon Kim |

This study assesses the impacts of hosting refugees on the livelihood strategies of households in host communities focusing on diversification and agricultural commercialization. It uses a dataset…

Soazic Elise Wang Sonne, Solomon Zena Walelign, Ganesh Seshan |

Historically one of the poorest countries in the world, Malawi has made important strides in reducing poverty and improving living conditions. Last year, the government released a long-term…

Alys Willman, Margarita Puerto, Violette Mwikali Wambua |