Celebrating his 60th birthday recently, my father chatted with me about his career and getting his first job. He graduated as an engineer in the 1970s in Austria and faced very different…

Florentin Kerschbaumer |

What exactly is procurement, you may ask? If you google the word, you’ll likely find several different definitions.   Essentially, procurement is about buying things. That sounds quite simple, of…

Sandro Nozadze |

In the first part of this blog, I introduced the 5D framework and discussed the first 2Ds – Density and Diversity in the context of Singapore’s public housing neighborhood, i.e. HDB towns. In the…

Xueman Wang |

For more than 30 years, Madam Toh has lived in Bukit Batok, a Singapore public housing town that accommodates more than 110, 000 residents. Their flat was constructed by the Singapore Housing and…

Xueman Wang |

Jobs and wage growth have been the most important driver of poverty reduction globally, and Central Asia. In Tajikistan, for example, it has cut poverty by about two-thirds since 2003. In…

Lilia Burunciuc |

Tajikistan achieved high rates of economic growth during the 2000s (about 8% per year, on average), which doubled GDP per capita and helped reduce poverty by almost half between 1999 and 2009. But…

Alisher Rajabov, William Seitz |

Located on the western tip of the Himalayas, Tajikistan has abundant fresh water resources in its rivers, lakes, and glaciers. Yet, access to improved drinking water, and to sanitation connected…

Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez, Emcet O. Tas |

The social, political, and economic transition of countries across Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia over the last three decades has been a long and arduous process, and many…

Ashna Mathema, Alanna Simpson |

A young man sitting next to me on a recent flight from Almaty to Dushanbe told me, “I regret that I did not get a better education. I could have had a better job.” He is one of many Central Asian…

Lilia Burunciuc |

Millions of children around the world are prevented from reaching their full developmental potential because of poor environment and nutrition. In the more extreme cases, these children face…

Lilia Burunciuc |