In Mozambique’s three largest cities (Maputo, Beira, and Nampula), informal businesses—those operating outside formal licensing and registration procedures—outnumber formal firms by a factor of 9…

Filip Jolevski, Gemechu Ayana Aga |

To design effective and durable relief programs for refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs), it is essential to understand the nature and context of the challenges the people living in…

Utz Pape, Lennart Kaplan, James Walsh |

In 2017, a severe and prolonged drought had hit countries in Africa and the Middle East, bringing crop shortage, livestock death, water scarcity and disease. Food shortages escalated into near-…

Utz Pape |

This page in: Français Across European countries, women continue to earn less than men. Looking at data for full-time working women across 30 countries, we find that women would have needed an…

Gabriela Inchauste, Ana Maria Munoz-Boudet, Paola Buitrago Hernandez |

Around 250 million migrants currently live outside their countries of birth, making up approximately 3.5 percent of the world population. Despite the widespread perception of a global migration…

Caglar Ozden |

Robert Allen’s recent AER paper on “Absolute Poverty: When Necessity Displaces Desire” is a fascinating read, on many levels. The paper uses linear programming (LP) to compute (four variants of)…

Francisco Ferreira |

The 2018 World Development Report (WDR), Learning to Realize Education’s Promise, launched this week.  While it draws on research and collective experience—both from within and outside the World…

Deon Filmer, Halsey Rogers |

We know that fiscal policy can be harnessed to reduce inequality in low- and middle-income countries, but until now, we knew less about its ability to reduce poverty. Our recent volume looks at…

Gabriela Inchauste, Nora Lustig |

Inorganic fertilizer use by smallholder farmers is one way to boost soil fertility and associated crop-yields and farm incomes. Yet fertilizer use remains the lowest where yield increase is needed…

Guigonan Serge Adjognon, Anuja Kar |