With the Incheon Declaration recommending governments to allocate between 15 – 20% of total public expenditure to education, how can governments improve the efficiency of their education systems…

Juan Baron, Ignacio Pezo |

Measuring learning outcomes allows countries to plan better, as it shows the magnitude and characteristics of their learning challenges. Photo: Sarah Farhat/ World Bank Just three weeks after…

Jaime Saavedra |

Public school teachers in Brazil, Indonesia or Peru have stable jobs, enjoy high level of legal protection, and are part of teacher unions that shield them politically. Public school teachers in…

Jaime Saavedra, Hanna Alasuutari, Marcela Gutierrez |

Also available in: Español | Français  Comparing two middle-income countries is not unusual, but two that are geographically far and are apparently different is less common. However, both Turkey…

Ximena Del Carpio |

The first time a World Bank education team tried classroom observations in Brazil, it nearly provoked a state-wide teachers’ strike. It was October 2009 in the northeast state of Pernambuco and…

Daphna Berman |

Allô École! training for parents, primary school, Tshikapa, DRC. (Photo: Ornella Nsoki / Moonshot Global,  Sandra Gubler / Voto Mobile Inc.,  Samy Ntumba / La Couronne) Mobile solutions for better…

Maria Amelina |

In India, Jaime spoke to teachers who have dedicated their lives to the education of students with special needs at the Dharabi Transitional Municipal School Corporation College. (Photo: Marcela…

Jaime Saavedra |

  “For learning to happen and for values to be nurtured in classrooms, teachers and  principals need to have a mindset of excellence, ” says Jaime Saavedra, Senior Director of the World Bank…

Jaime Saavedra |

Assessments make a lot of people nervous, and I’m not just talking about the students who have to take them. As a psychometrician (assessment expert) and World Bank staffer, I’ve worked on…

Marguerite Clarke |

Data shows that huge swaths of populations in developing countries are not learning to read. Scaling up early reading interventions will be a first step toward addressing these high illiteracy…

Harry A. Patrinos, Jimmy Graham, Sean Kelly |