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الكوارث الطبيعية ليست سوى جزء ضئيل من المخاطر التي تهدد مدن الشرق الأوسط وشمال أفريقيا

Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez's picture
Also available in: English | Français
 

يتزايد الاعتراف بأهمية سياسات المرونة في المناطق الحضرية في العديد من دول العالم باعتبارها سمة رئيسية لنظام حضري فعّال. وغالباً ما تتركز المناقشات الدائرة حول المرونة والقدرة على التكيف مع الكوارث التي تسببها المخاطر الطبيعية. غير أن المدن تتعرض أيضاً بشكل منتظم  لصدمات وضغوط أخرى عديدة غير هذه الكوارث. ولا تختلف المدن

Les catastrophes naturelles sont la partie émergée de l’iceberg au Moyen-Orient et d’Afrique du Nord

Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez's picture
Also available in: English | العربية
 

De plus en plus, la résilience fait partie des attributs jugés essentiels d’un système urbain efficace. Souvent, les discussions autour de cette question tournent autour des catastrophes liées aux risques naturels. Or, les villes subissent d’autres formes de chocs et de stress. Celles de la région du Moyen-Orient et de l’Afrique du Nord (MENA) n’y échappent pas et sont au moins autant, si ce n’est plus, exposées à un vaste ensemble de chocs.

India: How to help communities break the vicious "disaster-poverty" cycle

Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez's picture
 

Natural disasters push the near poor to below the poverty line & contribute to more persistent and severe poverty, creating poverty traps. Impacts on their livelihood pushes them further down the poverty line and as they own few assets it is very difficult for them to break this cycle.
Poor are caught up in and disaster-poverty vicious circle- are more likely to reside in hazardous locations and in substandard housing exposing them more to disasters. Poor households in disasters use harmful coping strategies, such as reducing expenditures on food, health, & education or increasing incomes by sending children to work.

The gender gap in the disaster risk management sector: why it matters

Caren Grown's picture

Over the past decade, the practice of disaster risk management (DRM) has evolved and matured.  From mainly focusing on disaster response, local and international actors alike now emphasize the importance of preparedness and prevention – saving lives and avoiding losses even before disaster strikes.

What if we could use nature to prevent disasters?

Brenden Jongman's picture
 

Heavy rain and severe flooding brought the city of Colombo, Sri Lanka, to its knees. In China’s Yangtze River Basin, rivers spilled their banks, inundating towns and villages. In Mobile Bay, Alabama, strong ocean waves carried away valuable coastline.

In each of these locations, disasters caused by natural hazards seemed beyond human control. But instead of focusing only on building more drains, seawalls and dams, these governments turned to nature for protection from the disasters. Several years later, the urban wetlands, oyster reefs and flood plains they helped establish are now keeping their citizens safe while nourishing the local economies.

Disasters due to natural hazards are just the tip of the iceberg in MENA cities

Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez's picture
Also available in: Français | العربية
 

Resilience is increasingly recognized as a key attribute of an effective urban system. Discussions on resilience often center around disasters caused by natural hazards. However, cities are increasingly exposed to multiple shocks and stresses beyond disasters. Cities in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are no different and are equally if not more vulnerable to a large set of shocks.

Securing sustainable livelihoods for waste pickers

Amal Faltas's picture

Today on Global Waste Picker Day, we explore the problem of solid waste management in the Gaza Strip and how it is compounded by poverty, unemployment, and severe restrictions imposed on residents
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With a high unemployment rate in Gaza (53.7 percent), and every second person in Gaza living below the poverty line, residents of the Gaza Strip also face greater technical, environmental, social, institutional and financial challenges, due in large part to restricted access to goods and services. Frequent border closures cause considerable delays for the entry and servicing of waste management equipment and these delays contribute to a fragmented and poorly managed waste collection and disposal system - exacerbating public health and environmental concerns.

How are we approaching the intersection of fragility, conflict and violence, and disaster risk?

Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez's picture
 

We are facing an unprecedented era of increasingly complex crises. A growing number of countries are affected by both recurring disasters caused by natural hazards and protracted crises associated with fragility, conflict and violence (FCV). Violent conflict has spiked dramatically since 2010 and the fragility landscape is becoming more complex. Two billion people now live in countries affected by FCV. By 2020, it is estimated that between 43% and 60% of the world’s extreme poor will live in FCV countries.

Bamako Un moteur de croissance et de prestation de services

Sameh Wahba's picture
Also available in: English
 

Bamako, capitale du Mali, domine le paysage urbain et économique du pays et est le centre névralgique de son économie. Elle a tout intérêt à devenir une ville productive et vivable. En l’état actuel des choses, elle est loin de donner au potentiel dont elle dispose sa pleine mesure. La ville n’est un moteur ni de croissance ni de prestation de services. Son développement urbain est fragmenté, ce qui constitue une entrave aussi bien pour la productivité – en restreignant les possibilités de rapprocher les personnes et les emplois – que pour la qualité de vie – en faisant grimper les coûts des infrastructures urbaines et de la prestation de services. Si la forme urbaine de la ville continue à se consolider de manière plutôt anarchique et fragmentée sur le plan spatial, Bamako et ses habitants se retrouveront prisonniers d’une urbanisation peu productive d’un point de vue économique et social. La résolution des problèmes de développement urbain dans la capitale aura des retombées sur le développement économique du pays.

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