Caroline Paunov is Senior Economist and Head of Secretariat for the OECD Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP) at the Directorate for Science, Technology, and Innovation of the OECD. In her current position she oversees the Working Party’s work on digital and open innovation and on assessing the impacts of public research on innovation. She previously conducted work on innovation for inclusive growth and on national intellectual property rights systems in emerging economies. Specialised in applied econometrics, her research work has been published in leading academic journals, including the Review of Economics and Statistics, the Journal of Development Economics, the Canadian Journal of Economics, Research Policy and World Development. Previously, Caroline worked for the World Bank, the United Nations and cooperated on various projects for the public sectors in Brazil, Spain and Germany. She holds a B.A. and M.A. (Hons) from the University of Oxford, a M.Sc. from the University Pompeu Fabra and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of London.