Maria Ana Lugo is a Senior Economist at Poverty and Equity Global Practice, currently for the East Asia and the Pacific region, primarily on China. Her more recent work has focused on economic opportunities for women in the Mashreq countries, multidimensional poverty from a global perspective, and fiscal incidence and subsidy reform in Argentina. She co-lead the 2018 PSPR ‘Piecing together the Poverty Puzzle’. Other areas of work while at the Bank included measurement of economic mobility and middle class, inequality of opportunities, and multidimensional poverty. Prior to joining the World Bank, she was a postdoctoral fellow in economics at the University of Oxford, a researcher at the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, a researcher at the Universidad de General Sarmiento in Buenos Aires, and an analyst at the Ministry of Social Development in Argentina. She holds a DPhil in Economics from the University of Oxford, and a bachelor’s degree in economics from the Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.