Timothy Laing is an environment, natural resource and development economist who is currently an Energy and Extractives consultant with the World Bank and a Senior Lecturer in Economics at the University of Brighton. He has held academic positions at the University of Cambridge, the London School of Economics and Political Science and the University of West Indies. He has worked as an independent consultant for clients such as the World Bank, Climate Strategies, the International Council on Mining and Metals and Conservation International on a variety of projects relating to mining policy, carbon markets, the EU ETS and REDD+. He has published academic papers and reports on subjects including natural resource management, small- and large-scale mining, the EU ETS, international carbon market mechanisms and REDD+. He obtained his PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science and holds a MA in Development Economics from the University of Sussex and a BA in Economics from the University of Nottingham.