Filipinos, how are you adapting to climate change? You ask, we answer


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Climate change is definitely upon us.  You don’t need to have a scientific mind to realize this, as recent natural calamities have shown in the Philippines, which also swept through some parts of Southeast Asia causing hundreds of casualties and losses to the economy: Typhoons Ondoy (International name: Ketsana) and Pepeng (Parma) in 2009 that flooded Metro Manila; Sendong (Washi) in 2011 which was recognized as the world’s deadliest storm in 2011; and Pablo (Bopha) in 2012.  Certainly, this is a little discomforting and makes us a little bit apprehensive about our future. To lessen our anxiety about this phenomenon, it helps to ask questions and get answers. It’s also good to know if something is being done to address the problem – and know that it is being done right.

The Aquino government has been very aggressive in its approach to address the problem of climate change.  It staffed the Climate Change Commission  (CCC) and made it functional. The CCC coordinates and provides oversight and policy advice on programs and projects on climate change. It is also tasked to craft the National Strategic Framework on Climate Change and the National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP). The latter serves as the country’s roadmap to effectively deal with the problem. The CCC also takes a strong stand in international negotiations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

To give more teeth to the government’s efforts to adapt to climate change, another law was passed creating the People’s Survival Fund (PSF). With an initial fund of P1 billion pesos (equivalent to US25 million), the special fund will be used for climate change adaptation programs and projects at the local level.

To ensure that the government stays on the right path, through the Climate Change Commission and the Department of Budget and Management, it has requested the World Bank to undertake a study to review government expenditures related to climate change and institutions with mandates to address climate change.

The study called the Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review or CPEIR, also provides a general backdrop of projected increases in global temperature and its corresponding effects:

  • Globally, since 1950, ocean temperature increased by about 0.09oC
  • Sea levels have been rising by 15-20 cm from pre-industrial levels with the rate nearly doubling from that of the past century.
  • Industrial activity was non-existent in the Philippines during this period and any GHG emission could only come from agricultural and other normal processes. However, as a small and archipelagic country, the Philippines is highly vulnerable to sea-level rise. The report cited a study (Dasgupta et al. 2009) which listed the cities of San Jose, Manila, Roxas and Cotabato among the top 10 most vulnerable cities in the East Asia and Pacific Region to sea-level rise.

Based on the study, climate change clearly poses a threat to human survival. It foretells of the submergence of coastal communities due to sea-level rise. It also projects the occurrence of frequent and stronger typhoons, and of prolonged, intense heat in the summers and heavy rains and flooding during rainy season. It also tells of the dire consequences of these natural catastrophes to human habitation, food supply, the degradation of ecosystem services and eventual extinction of some species. This clearly shows that climate change is a development issue that threatens the gains and economic development attained in past decades. Agriculture, for instance, which relies on a stable, regular weather pattern will be adversely affected, if such pattern is disrupted by climate change.

While the Philippines is not a major green house gas (GHG) emitter, the report projects that our country’s GHG emission will continue to increase in the years to come. This growth will be due to a growing economy, heightened urbanization, increased demand and use of energy and the expected increase in the number of vehicles, all of which are highly dependent on crude oil for energy.

Given the above, the report recommends several measures along three main lines:

  • strengthening planning, execution, and financing framework for climate change
  • enhancing leadership and accountability through monitoring, evaluation, and review of climate change policies and activities
  • building capacity and managing change

The report, to be launched on June 25, 2013 in Manila, also calls on the government to address several barriers to effective implementation of the climate change agenda.

Meanwhile, a survey commissioned by the World Bank and conducted by the Social Weather Station finds that many Filipinos say they are now experiencing the effects of a changing climate. The survey looked into the level of knowledge of Filipinos about the impacts of climate change as well as their personal experience/s about it. We’ll soon share the results of this survey on, but in the meantime, perhaps there are those who are still in the dark about how to adapt to a changing climate, or how the government is working to mitigate its effects.

If you have questions about this topic or would like to share some observations about your environment, please post them in the comments section of this blog. Join the conversation on Twitter by sending your feedback to @worldbankasia and to @CCCommissionPh with hashtag #askCCC and we'll make sure to respond to them. We hope to address all your concerns and will be selecting five of the most pressing questions and answer them in a short video called   5 Questions, 5 Minutes to be posted on Ask now!

Image courtesy of audiovisualjunkie through a Creative Commons license

Ray Kenneth Arana
October 03, 2013

Climate change. It is one of the worst problems today faced not only by the Philippines, but the rest of the world as well. Without enough concern and actions to further prevent it, climate change will continue for a lifetime, thus making serious consequences in wildlife, environment, and overall wellness of organisms.
What I have observed in my life with regards to climate change is that it is happening everyday around my surroundings. When I was in fifth grade, I, along with my schoolmates, participated in a public speaking contest which had a topic of global warming. Global warming and climate change are related to each other, as from what I’ve read in the modules of my Social Science subject. From my understandings, global warming occurs when there is a change of the Earth’s climate due to greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases get into the atmosphere, which leads to a rise of the air temperature outside.
Another thing that I have witnessed is one of the notorious causes of climate change and global warming: pollution. Gases, mostly coming from smoke-belching vehicles and factories, arise into the atmosphere, resulting in polluted air. As I said earlier, this can cause serious health consequences to organisms (i.e. humans, plants, animals), as well as the environment being compromised.
I understand that the government of the Philippines is acting now to remedy this natural mess. I personally applaud them for doing so, for this will gradually reduce the negativities of the ecosystem and environment, such as that of climate change.
With all that information at hand, I have some questions and concerns:
1.) Will the government act the necessary ways to prevent climate change for a lifetime?
2.) Shall the government also encourage the public to do their own ways as well to prevent the long-term effects of climate change and global warming?
Thank you for taking the time to read my viewpoints and concerns.

Jose Crisaldo Leona
October 06, 2013

The World Bank noted in its report on climate change entitled Getting a grip, on climate change in the Philippines that the present administration has shifted its priorities in terms of addressing the issue, from mitigation to adaptation. I applaud this shift in focus for obvious reasons, topmost of which is the fact that the Philippines lies on a typhoon-prone area and is part of what is known as “Pacific Ring of Fire”, therefore, embracing an “adaptation” focus allows the government the freedom of planning what to prepare for in the event that disaster strikes. It is a more practical approach (adaptation) instead of trying to oppose the force of nature. Ms. Ma. Glenda Lopez Wui quoted anthropologist Yehudi Cohen as saying, “New adaptations must be developed if effective relationships with altered habitational conditions are to be maintained”.
Although efforts by the government are commendable, we all need to work double time, maybe even triple time, what with the fast moving technology around us. An unwelcome by-product of some technological advancements are Greenhouse gas emissions, and even if the Philippines is considered a minor contributor to global warming, the same World Bank report stated that Greenhouse gas emissions in the country are projected to multiply several folds, largely due to the growing economy, along with it, urbanization and motorization. We all must do our share in any way we can, not just for the here and now, but for our children’s tomorrow.

Hannah Kim
October 03, 2013

Climate change is really happening so fast than we think.
This year the Philippines experienced typhoons, heavy rains for several days. Many people died in the flashfloods and mudslides unleashed by the storm.
The question now here is, Do the government and the people in the Philippines and around the world are ready to face climate change?
How many percent of the total budget funds of the government will fall to the preparation of Disaster Program/Law?
What are the strategies of the government in imparting the ways on how to use the 3R (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) and what activities that we the citizen of the country can do to preserve our mother land?
How do we manage ourselves in the preparation of climate change?
Even there rules and laws that were enacted by the government in helping our environment still there are times that we don’t follow.
Is the government responsible for this or we as the citizens of the country are the responsible individual?
I believe that we are also responsible for this and we need to take part in preserving the earth. The government is not the only one responsible to it, we also need to be conscientious in every action that we do.

Jem Florece
October 03, 2013

It is evident that climate change is happening in the Philippines, it very alarming once you think about it. Various sectors of Philippines' livelihood is affected by this global phenomenon. I like to compare it with what happened before which was the Ice Age, but it is totally more huge of an impact. The methods that the government of the Philippines is admirable, for it can really help at least minimize the change in weather. Involving local government units and teaching them disaster risk programs in relation to climate change is a start. The fact that the Philippines' economy is booming and industrialization can be seen, the country needs to start climate change programs in relation to economy increase. As a citizen of the Philippines, I think i can start the change by conserving energy and know the disaster aide so that once struck by a huge typhoon again, it will at least ease the hardship. Around 2013 various typhoons already struck the country and the Filipinos suffering as their houses getting damaged especially the slums area in Manila. I think one thing that the government should do is flooding planning of where to put the flooded water in Manila, thus having a good drainage system is one solution. Relocation of illegal settlers around the city is a good solution to reduce human risk too.

Christian Cahapin
October 03, 2013

Naturally and obviously, climate change is getting worse. Changes affected casualties not just in the Philippines but also in other countries.
As time goes by, little by little, climate change becomes a serious threat. A threat that if we can't resolve immediately may lead to catastrophe or even worst.
We, Filipinos are witnessing events unparalleled to Philippine history. Tragic events such as floods, landslide and even earthquake caused tremendous effect in our daily lives. It makes me sadden, whenever I think of it. Problems because of our carelessness and ignorance claims thousand of lives. At some point I realized that though climate change is inevitable, changes start because of human.
I'd like to share some predictions about global climate change according to Mr. Hawking.
>"As scientists, we understand the dangers of nuclear weapons and their devastating effects, and we are learning how human activities and technologies are affecting climate systems in ways that may forever change life on Earth. As citizens of the world, we have a duty to alert the public to the unnecessary risks that we live with every day, and to the perils we foresee if governments and societies do not take action now to render nuclear weapons obsolete and to prevent further climate change... There’s a realization that we are changing our climate for the worse. That would have catastrophic effects. Although the threat is not as dire as that of nuclear weapons right now, in the long term we are looking at a serious threat."
>"The danger is that global warming may become self-sustaining, if it has not done so already. The melting of the Arctic and Antarctic ice caps reduces the fraction of solar energy reflected back into space, and so increases the temperature further. Climate change may kill off the Amazon and other rain forests, and so eliminate once one of the main ways in which carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere. The rise in sea temperature may trigger the release of large quantities of carbon dioxide, trapped as hydrides on the ocean floor. Both these phenomena would increase the greenhouse effect, and so global warming further. We have to reverse global warming urgently, if we still can. "
>"I don't think the human race will survive the next thousand years, unless we spread into space. There are too many accidents that can befall life on a single planet. But I'm an optimist. We will reach out to the stars."
As stated in the predictions, human activities affected the climate
change. Thus, everyone of us is responsible of our actions. Most of us, Filipinos realized important things when it is gone,we take things for granted without realizing what would be the outcome. But it is not to late. We can change the world we live in, solutions for climate change is in our hand. Let us all stand and have the courage to take an action to protect our mother nature. Let us help the government to solve this problem and take our part to make this place a better place to live in.

Shiela Andes
October 04, 2013

Climate change is one of the most fundamental challenges ever to confront humanity. Adaptation plays an important role, in terms on dealing with the present and future impacts of climate change. The concept of adaptation has been variously defined. It refers to the measures taken in response to climate change, to reduce the adverse impacts or to take advantage of opportunities offered by such changes. The development priorities of countries provide opportunities for widening the scope of adaptation policies. In addition to climate change, the future vulnerability of developing countries will also depend on their development path.
“I have nothing against those people who keep on blaming the government, on how they handle the issue with climate change”. They may have handled it not the way most of us want it to be, but the question here is. Why and where did it all start? US. From people who do not care about his/her environment. Who do not care on what this would bring us in the future? Those illegal logging, pollutions, etc. It’s not too late. Let’s us all start helping the country to surpass the calamities the country is continuously encountering by starting to help ourselves realizing how can we be of help. We, not only the government should help resolve the issue but we should join forces to be able to help the country against climate change. Also, we can help by adapting ourselves on the possible resolutions on how to prevent climate change.
Adaptation is an ongoing, flexible process that seeks to increase resilience to present and future risks. It is necessary to develop and adopt a proactive, systematic, and integrated approach, which is cost-effective and offers durable and long-term solutions. It is also important to remember that climate risks and adaptation priorities vary across regions, countries and sectors.

Maria Carmencita Mella
October 04, 2013

The WB exclusive report has given us a detailed and elaborate review and investigation on climate change in the Philippines and its exposure to the harsh environmental conditions that bring about major changes in all dimensions of society. And because of the extreme effects of climate change in the country, the review cited major threats on the country's environmental, social and structural growth. While governmental preventive and corrective actions are being taken such as the establishment of the Climate Change Commission and the National Climate Change Action Plan to deal with the present crisis, the review presents weaknesses in the implementation of procedures to effectively carry out the measures. The review also included pillars or recommendations as to how the Philippines can go about a successful implementation of the climate change adaptation and how social learning can bring a huge impact on the society's readiness for change.
Unfortunately, as much as social awareness and learning are promoted to Filipinos regarding climate change, the core of the problem is not cognitive but internal. Filipinos fail in terms of discipline. While naturally, the water level rises, the flooding in many areas of the country are mostly caused by human disposals. This can be perfectly attributed to unconstraint attitudes of the citizens concerning their laws. Also, the enforcement of the laws on care for the environment is weak. With these perpetual habits, nature will eventually take its toll. As I quote Ma.Glenda Wui in her book, Foundations of Behavioural Science 2003, she says that,
"Nature, and the imperatives of its laws, will be our most powerful teacher as we learn our way to a new society. "
Nature's vengeance can instil so much trauma, pain and sufferings for those who will be greatly affected. But no matter how painful, it will pave a way for change. A new society.
Constructively, when we talk about a new society, it does not mean that we destroy everything that is existing but rather we move forward into making it sustainable for all of us. As Filipinos experience growth in the many dimensions of society and as we pursue quality of life, we neglect to consider the values attached to it. Our self-seeking, short-sighted intentions to promote good living causes a humungous strain on our environment. The need to exhibit primary values such as justice, security and love for our resources are vital collective characteristics of a successful act of sustaining and preserving our environment. Practically speaking, we should think twice before throwing pieces of candy wrappers on the street, before we burn our garbage, before we cut trees, before we buy products in the grocery, before we build businesses, and before we make laws of our land. We should take an active part in adapting and sustaining our environment.

Gimson Alemania
October 04, 2013

A Better Place for Everyone
How do we the save the world, the world where we live in today? Start it with ourselves, by doing everything we can to clean and make our world green again. As an individual we have many responsibilities and obligations to help our world to become a better place.
In the Philippines, the Filipinos have experience the impacts of climate change. The Pinoy community really feels the effects of this climate change, they become aware in a so called “Global Warming” and this awareness brought us many values in life such as energy conservation, decrease the use of motor vehicles and all things that may help to prevent air pollution. These examples out of so many will help us to reduce the increase of heat temperature. However as an individual I would like to ask and to seek help to our country’s leaders to intense not only the laws to save our world but also the implementation of high security and standards like in our emission testing centers, still now there are so many motor vehicles running with a heavy smokes “carbon monoxide” that contributes air pollution that may cause climate change.
If the rise of heat temperature continues, the land will become dry and will cause death of our rice fields and agricultural land as well as loses of our water and land animals. Imagine that we live in this world because the earth is the only planet that have all this natural resources for us to live, and yet this individual will not participate to help save our environment, and yet our “Inang Kalikasan” died, what do you think will happen to us?
There are so many small things that the individual could do to save our world, stop smoking, don’t trash your waste improperly, don’t use such appliances that not necessary to save electricity, despite of having illegal loggings why not to plants trees, despite of having illegal fishing, why not to save our coral reefs and plant mangroves to produce more fishes and many many whys? Do you have concerns to answer all those questions, concern to be one of us who are crying for those families who died in floods, soil erosion, typhoons and other climate disasters?
As one, we can help our society to bring a new world, a new place where new generations can live a better life, a clean life and a wonderful life ever. I wish that every Pinoy always remember this song “Masdan Mo ang Kapaligiran” sung by Asin.
“Wala ka bang napapansin sa iyong mga kapaligiran?
Kay dumi na ng hangin, pati na ang mga ilog natin.
Hindi na masama ang pag-unlad at malayu-layo na rin ang ating narrating,
ngunit masdan mo ang tubig sa dagat dati'y kulay asul ngayo'y naging itim
Ang mga duming ating ikinalat sa hangin sa langit huwag na nating paabutin
Upang kung tayo'y pumanaw man, sariwang hangin sa langit natin matitikman
Mayron lang akong hinihiling sa aking pagpanaw sana ay tag-ulan
Gitara ko ay aking dadalhin upang sa ulap na lang tayo magkantahan
May mga batang ngayon lang isinilang may hangin pa kayang matitikman?
may mga puno pa kaya silang aakyatin, may mga ilog pa kayang lalanguyan?
And this is also my concerns and questions to your blog, Does our new generations have a place for them to experience how wonderful our nature is, to breath clean air and experience clean environment?
Do they have trees to climb, a clean river to swim? I am glad and thankful that once in my life, I have experience how beautiful the nature of our world is and I wish my child and grandchildren in the future could also have those experiences too.

Kim Percival Sinchioco
October 04, 2013

The reason why we don’t care much about global warming issue is most of us are innocent about the impacts it would bring to us. The government plays vital role for us to get through this global challenge, and we as an individual, it is our responsibility to support the government projects and programs. Part of the challenge is how will the government increase the awareness of people in an effective way? We observed a drastic increase in temperature as early as year 2000, but I don’t think we have taken enough action to address this matter. Change is part of the process, the world has been changing since day one of its existence. But that should not be an excuse doing nothing about it. Our safety, livelihood and future are in great risk. Local government has to be more strict this time implementing rules and policy with regards to waste management, regulation of GHG, and natural resources consumption. We have to discipline ourselves, I am definitely sure you would not want the time to come for Mother Nature to discipline us. While reading the WB report on climate change some questions and thoughts came up like, Is it really impossible to live an industrialize life without bringing detrimental effects to environment? Given the fact that emissions cause by human activities, in particular, the burning of fossil fuels, as are primary energy source are increasing the world's atmospheric concentrations of greenhouses gases. Secondly, when is the expected time for the climate policy reform to be aligned with its development plans and policies to reach its full effectiveness? We are running out of time and the effects seems to be very visible on this present day caused by our irresponsible action and lack of knowledge, hence it’s important to have a timeline and accurate forecasting about the development. Lastly, what are the actions being done to address the obstruction in regards with insufficient institutional capacity and planning tools complexity?
Overall, with all the conflicts about climate change, I am still delighted to know that the government is doing something to deal with climate change. One billion pesos as a fund for projects and program will surely move us forward reaching compromise if spent reasonably. We are all involved in this situation where in the only way out is unity, working hand in hand in making earth a better place to live for everyone.

Jean Chong
October 04, 2013

Climate change has been around for quite some time. They say the reason behind it is the gases that are thinning the atmosphere of the polar caps. It is also preventing the heat to be released away from earth. It is sometimes said that the earth heating is a normal phenomenon as we are in the middle of the ice age cycle.
High emitting countries have addressed the issue 20 years ago. They tried to cut carbon emissions but they still persist. Nonetheless they have planned and try to foresee the problem and find a solution for it.
The Philippines is not much concerned with climate change in the past millennia. We didn’t really experience its adverse effects until recently. The country isn’t really one of the high emitting groups. Therefore it really was not a concern.
Now the calamities do happen and things needed to be implemented. It may be too late, lives have been lost. Trauma has been made. We try to solve the problem but it would need a couple of years to be more prepared. Before that time we need to bend and breach for our survival. All because we didn’t try to foresee it happening and didn't act or plan before it happened.

Sarah Abigail Cruz
October 04, 2013

Global warming. Green house effect. Drastic climate change. Rising sea levels. Floods. Land Slides. Same old story. Everyone is aware of it. It’s one of the most tackled global issues that everyone is aware of. But no matter how much they raise awareness regarding the ongoing global crisis, very little effort has been made, especially in our country. Yes, there are numerous pro-nature campaigns, plans, projects that are being promoted by the government and non-profit organizations across the country, but why is it I’m seeing more and more grey pavements and shiny tall buildings and less green around us?
The answer: Discipline. Discipline is what majority of our country lacks and it all starts with the government. Our government lacks discipline. Mass majority of the politician that we elected who are all expected to set a good example just can’t stop playing dirty. How can all this plans and projects come to fruition when all this politicians just can’t practice discipline at all? How do they expect most of us to do what is right when they seem to have a hard time doing it?
Our environment and surroundings is a spitting image of our government’s current situation and sadly things are not turning well. All this plans of goodwill and going green will only take place when and if our government will pull their act together and as soon as that happens, everything will fall into place effortlessly. Going green will be no hard feat at all.

Frencie Flake
October 09, 2013

As one of the most vulnerable countries in the world, Philippines is continually experiencing the effects of climate change. Natural causes and human activities caused this climate change. But we, as human beings, took a large part in causing these effects of climate change. We, Filipinos, especially the government, need to contemplate a more pro-active adjustment planning to ensure a sustainable development. We can also start through small things such as conserving the electricity, lessening the use of plastics, stop the cutting of trees and instead, plant more trees.
Studies are also ongoing to help marine ecosystems cope with the effects of climate change. Dr. Aileen Maypa, Research Director of CCEF, conducted a research on how reefs can adapt to the impacts of climate change and how these can be mitigated is currently being conducted. The organization is developing a protocol for coral reef recovery, fisheries recovery and coral reef rehabilitation that can be used by local communities and LGUs. They are also looking into the redesigning of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), including the establishment of a network of MPAs, as a resiliency strategy to climate change, while considering the many factors that may impact the effectiveness of a MPA design. (Reference: The article Climate change to devastate Philippine Seas; Greenpeace proposes Roadmap to Recovery on
There is still hope for this country. I believe that if everybody would just cooperate and contribute, and if the government will focus on what they should really be doing, we can still possibly speed down the changes occurring nowadays caused by our own activities. We can work together as one nation and stop blaming one another. From small to big things, we can work this out.

Nicole Anne T. Djamco
October 06, 2013

It’s nice to know that our government is doing something about climate change. But all of us can help. We can start doing little things like planting a tree or things like that. This small this will help our community to avoid flash floods and landslide. And it will also minimize pollution and will give us fresh air. All of us are responsible for this things climate change. We are also responsible for minimizing it. All little things that we do to change our country will add up to make a big difference.

Andrea Beatrize M. Santos
October 04, 2013

Global warming and climate change are alarming issues worldwide. Due to this, the current sea level is higher than it usually was. The ice caps in the Polar Regions are melting which had huge effects to the living creatures that inhabit that place. The typhoons in the Pacific are getting stronger. There are droughts and the weather is getting unpredictable.
In the Philippines, Filipinos are already used to being devastated by typhoons. That is why they are not physically or emotionally distressed by it. Since the Philippines is a third world country in its developing stage and Filipinos rely on aquaculture and agriculture, they are greatly affected in economic terms. But because the typhoons are getting stronger, the effects on them are larger. I believe that we, Filipinos, could easily adapt to this climate change if we stop being stubborn and do something about it.
Climate change cannot be stopped. It is already the effect of what humanity caused. It is the way of nature in adjusting to over pollution. To survive this crisis, the only thing we could do is to adapt. We should be ready on what possible things that will happen.
The Philippines is not included in the top list of major contributors to global warming and climate change but Filipinos are experiencing great impacts of disasters. Floods and landslides happen in many cities and provinces yet it is partially our own fault. Landslides happen because of deforestation. Floods happen because of the irresponsible disposing of garbage on the streets. I believe that Filipinos can cope up with climate change if everyone will be willing to take part on preventing the bad effects. It is not a one-man effort. We, Filipinos, should not blame the government for it.
I am very glad to know that the government is doing something about the effects of climate change. I agree that they should lead the Filipino people to the awareness about the climate change. There should be more projects on how flash floods and other disasters could be avoided if possible.
Mother Nature is a fearful opponent but Filipinos cannot be shaken that easily by climate change. Strong typhoons and other weather disturbances have been hitting the country more than once a year yet they can still keep a huge smile in their faces. Filipinos can adapt easily to the environment they have.

Benjamin Moses Diño II
October 04, 2013

We've already experienced severe hits from climate change. We are held responsible for what is happening. Yet, people are still indifferent about this. Some might realize this, but there's no real resolve in them.
Our dependence in crude oil generates GHGs, which is widely known to be a big cause of climate change. And we are slowly consuming our trees that counters GHGs.
If Filipinos don't realize this, I fear we wont go very far in finding a solution to our problem in climate change.

Arnold Junior Andaya
October 04, 2013

After visiting the link – (Filipinos, How are you adapting to climate change? You ask, we answer)
I would like to ask: Is the climate change problem “just a little discomforting?” Does it “make us just a little bit apprehensive about our future?” Should we “lessen our anxiety about this phenomenon?” Should not we face and deal this phenomenon anxiety with all our might, force, power, and strength? Should not we (all individuals on earth) dread the natural calamities to follow Ketsana, Parma, Washi, and Bopha? The Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (CPEIR), a study undertaken by the World Bank (as requested by the Philippine government), cites a report by Dasgupta et al. in 2009 listing “the cities of San Jose, Manila, Roxas, and Cotabato among the top 10 most vulnerable cities in the East Asia and Pacific Region to sea-level rise.” San Jose and Manila are in Luzon. Roxas City is in Visayas. Cotabato is in Mindanao. Is it too much to say, the whole PHILIPPINES is in danger of being submerged in water due to sea-level rise? Quoted in Ma. Glenda Wui’s module, Biological Adaptation: “New adaptations must be developed if effective relationships with altered habitational conditions are to be maintained (Cohen 1987, 140).” and “The closer the adaptation to the environment, the greater the chances of survival” (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2002). Having these two in mind, can we ask our government for achievements or accomplishments concerning the several measures recommended by the World Bank study:
• How does it finance and execute the strengthened framework plans for climate change?
• Are leadership and accountability enhanced through monitoring, evaluation, and review of climate change policies and activities?
• Is capacity built? Is change managed?
Aren’t those too technical? Can’t all of those adaptive measures be translated into a language understood by everyone: male and female, young and old, rich and poor, educated and illiterate? Can’t we discuss those with more conviction, dedication, and passion? Can’t we promote those on television like a Star Cinema’s Kim Chiu film? I believe, a simple yet effective campaign is relevant for greater chances of survival.

Sindhumati Mijares
October 04, 2013

In addressing the climate change problem, not only the government should take action, but every Filipinos as well as all the stakeholders in the Philippines should partake in the needed action to lessen the effect of this phenomenon, this includes both local and foreign investors, expats and even tourists who visits the country, all of them should be well versed about our environmental campaign. Primarily, the government has the main role in pioneering and organizing a nationwide campaign, for ordinary citizen, there’s always a need for us to feel the upsurge and the affectivity of this campaign, not only in paper works and amended laws, which is always deemed as a non-functioning concept mostly to ordinary Filipinos who feels that legal matters are vaguely far away from their everyday lives.
Generally, the country’s laws particularly our environmental law should be culture specific in a sense that our law makers and government officials should consider the Filipino psychology in drafting laws and certain amendments for an effective adherence in the part of the Filipino people, policies should be easily grasp so the people can put them into practice, also one thing to ponder, Filipino people have issues when it comes to discipline and accepting guidance from authorities maybe because they distrust public officials or the government lost all its credibility and bearing due to corruption and various administrative issues, so normally the first phase of implementation will be the hardest because there will always be people who are used to the old ways that they do not want any reforms or changes even though their houses and neighbourhoods’ are being flooded from time to time, they will still violate laws and throw garbage anywhere and will blame the government for their misfortunes in time of great calamities, same with big corporations who keep on using red tapes and bribery to get away with their environmental responsibilities, it will be even harder for them to comply given that they are used to manipulate legal matters using their vast resources.
The problem of climate change in the Philippines is just one of the effects of the many unresolved internal conflicts in the Philippine society such as corruption, widespread poverty and social issues deeply rooted in our culture which until now remains unresolved, solving the problem of climate change should be continuous until the next 2 or 3 generation or even furthermore, it should penetrate every community, everyone from the government official to a simple grade schooler, everybody should take the necessary action and embody the needed discipline for the rest of our lives, along with this campaign is mobilizing every community, changing its ways and outlook on how important our environment is, revolutionizing our education system, resolving poverty issues and strictly reprimanding and penalizing government institutions from corrupting the public funds to safeguard every programs and projects which the people truly needs.
Lastly, I should say, that we have to keep our nationalism alive in our hearts, we have to love our country, we should be moved in every great leap forward and participate in every activity that will involve our nation. We should see ourselves as part of the progress and fulfil an active role to exercise our rights and responsibilities as a Filipino in its truest sense. Unity can lead us to progress.

Paul Song
October 04, 2013

Historically, Filipinos have been adapting to the rapid change for the past century with regards to the weather. Typhoons build up during summer, warm climate on the rainy season, unexplainable flooding , etc. Our Government already took necessary precautionary measures. Including but not limited to, NGO's on standby to provide relief aid, AFP, Philippine Red Cross, PNP to name a few. The government sector already started to increase the height of our elevation of our roads and built flood gates and effective drainage systems.
But, regardless of these measures that has already took place. Calamities are still affecting our community. Is it because of the lack of manpower? Resources or equipment? Despite of all the efforts our society exerts, we were not able to fully prevent or at the very least, be able to cruise through a storm.
Several focus group discussions and root cause analysis has been made with regard to the issue at hand. Reforestation was already a practice but illegal logging is still an issue. Philippines is not a major green house gas (GHG) emitter. But, considering the fact that the Philippines is an archipelago surrounded by bodies of water. We are vulnerable to the impending change and effects of climate change. As per the World Bank report. Sea levels have been rising by 15-20 cm from pre-industrial levels with the rate nearly doubling from that of the past century. Hypothetically speaking. We will be able to adapt from the changing climate if the People’s Survival Fund (PSF) are being utilized to its purpose, not somewhere else. A moment to ponder..

Maria Charisma Miranda
October 04, 2013

Climate Change?
What we’re experiencing and happening to the Philippines is not merely in our country but all over the world. Earthquake, typhoons, floods, landslide, sinkholes and sea level rise are extreme events happening. Seasons changing from hot weather to cold weather vice versa, even its summer yet sometimes you experience rainfall. A little rain cause flood around Metro Manila. In provinces, if typhoon strike affected area would declare State of Calamity since infrastructure are broke down, crops and livelihood of the people are affected and damage. In news, if the weather forecast say a strong storm is coming we could feel the fears on what would this one bring to us like the previous Ondoy, Pedring, and Sendong etc. The good thing is people become aware and prepared.
It’s a good thing were taking part in the climate change issue. With the Climate Change Commission (CCC) goals and concept such as leading climate policy making and coordinating, monitoring and evaluation climate programs and action plans. But because of its wide area of responsibilities the CCC has not been able to divert enough resources to administer for the immediate action on climate change. According to the World Bank is that the CCC jointly responsible for several task with other agencies yet its effectiveness is limited by the lack of clear or formalized roles and relationships. And what is crucial is they might have all the methods or resources but its limited and theirs also limitation to each party. That’s why they have to clarify the relationship to ensure effective implementation.
One of the factors of climate change is the green gas emission. Although our country don’t have the biggest emission production yet we are participating to help. But is the Philippines ready to contribute to reduce global warming without affecting our goal to rise up in the industries and one of the developing country. If only greater effort is enforce in cutting down greenhouse gas emission especially in rich countries but cannot totally reduce it’s since their industries and economic growth will suffer. It’s hard to say because sometimes they are doing it in the name of development and prosperity but result in an opposite perspective that harm and affect Mother Nature.
Having enough knowledge and awareness we can address the issue of climate change. The need to participate would serve as a guide to understand the basic concepts and ideas, the cause and effect, relationships and human nature. And for the government, it’s all about leadership to develop a core capabilities to talk, to plan, to evaluate and strong implementation for a long term development.
Human intervention is never too late as long as we take part with it and help.

Antonio Amoncio Jr.
October 04, 2013

Good day!
Global Warming as we know it is inevitable. Climate change is already gaining on us. There's no one else to blame but all of us...well most of us. Prevention of Global Warming "may" be possible but the best thing that we could do now is to slow it down. The thing is, our government doesn't really prioritize the cleanliness of our environment. When I went to the United States, when you're caught by the cops throwing even a piece of plastic wrapper on the streets, you'll end up being reprimanded. Filipinos need to be disciplined the hard way. Most of the Filipinos are like children. They are very stubborn. In the US, citizens are "afraid" to disobey the law because the sanctions that are given once you break the law would make you think more than twice to break it. Here in the Philippines, people aren't afraid of cops because cops also break the law themselves and they could easily be bribed. Filipinos need to live in a more strict environment. As individuals, yes we may have done our jobs to be an essential part of the society but that is not enough. We ALL must move as one in order to save the humanity.
We aren't also the ones at fault. Our government is also to be blamed. The TAX we pay that should be used for the betterment of the society end up in the pockets of our corrupt leaders. I couldn't imagine how thick their faces are. Thinking that they money they use to build roofs over their heads, food to satisfy their cravings and hunger, fancy clothes to wear, luxurious cars that they don't even need came from hardworking Filipinos thinking that the TAX they pay would be used to make our country a better place to live in. I honestly despise our government. I'm disgusted on how they indulge themselves with money they didn't even work for.
If I'm given a chance to speak out loud to ALL the Filipinos, I would recommend a total government reboot wherein we are given a chance to elect leaders that are really meant to lead us all. No more campaigns to earn votes, no more fancy jingles and other ways of convincing others to vote them. There must be a monthly budget report to be shown to all of the Filipinos to see where our money is going, government officials MUST only receive the salaries they're supposed to receive. No more bonuses. No more PDAF. The reason why I'm focusing all my rants to the government is because they're capable of earning so much money that's enough to save our environment and to save those who were and will be affected by calamities. Yes we as ordinary people couldn't stop climate change but the government has the power to speak to the entire Filipino nation to inform us of what's to come if we continue with our current way of living. If Global Warming is already on its peak, we may be left extinct. Some of us may think that "hey what the heck, we won't be here to witness everything when it comes down". Don't forget about our future generations. They won't be able to enjoy what's yet to see.
I have read the WB report and it is said that there are departments that lack knowledge and staffs that are skilled on climate policy, financing and institutions.
It's actually great to hear that the government is trying to prepare us for climate change. The thing is, they could actually do more than what they're doing now. If they would put the money of the people in good use then everything else will go smoothly.

Evangeline Marie Otero
October 04, 2013

Upon reading the World Bank Report, it is alarming to learn how our country will be immensely impacted by global climate change. In the report, negative effects range from agricultural and fishing industry risks, lack of food supply, landslides, flooding, droughts, and may even impact tourism.
While it is true that the Aquino administration has taken these global climate changes to heart and has been persistent in forming organizations such as Climate Change Commission (CCC), Cabinet Cluster on Climate Change (CCCC) and People’s Survival Fund Board (PSFB) as well as involving various government sectors and local government units; there is still a glaring opportunity to effectively implement designed climate change action plans. This is mainly attributed to the general scopes of responsibilities assigned to these organizations and vague alignments that relate each organization’s task and accountability. Apart from these indistinct lines of interdepartmental relationships, there is also a lack in technology, from a monitoring and evaluation perspective, that will help put climate change action plans to fruition. Furthermore, there is an evident lack in skilled personnel who would be able to employ these plans.
In this light, it is also important to consider the government funding with respect to climate appropriation. Due to lack of standardization, there is an opportunity to identify and streamline government budgets to climate-specific projects, activities and plans. And since, we are already experiencing the impacts of global climate change; bulk of the budget allocations target projects in relation to flood control and management, et al. Thus, sacrificing the development of the skilled personnel who are needed to effectively execute and assess progress or gaps in the climate action plans that have been put forward.
In summary, I believe that though the country is in the right direction in terms of addressing and mitigating global climate change; however, the road to achieve monumental successes is still far ahead. We have only scratched the surface of this environmental concern. To achieve further wins in this climate battle, I am in definite agreement with the recommendations that have been presented by the World Bank. Additionally, from a micro-level perspective, I believe that general public awareness to our current situation would be able to help encourage each citizen to do their part in preventing climate change and mitigating its impacts. Education and awareness is key, not only can it promote sustainable living in every Filipino household; it can also bring about a higher level of consciousness in every Filipino. Thus, each citizen is empowered with the full understanding that this problem does not rely solely on the shoulders of our government. And, that every one of us, should be part of the solution.
Getting a grip… on climate change in the Philippines. Retrieved from…

October 05, 2013

After reading the World Bank report, I felt glad that the Philippine government is addressing the problems related to climate change. However, what they are doing is still not enough. Climate change-related calamities such as floods and landslides are still happening in the country and the number of deaths and economic losses are rising. According to the report, budget for PAPs (Programs, Activities, and Projects) and the public's awareness is not sufficient. I think the government should focus first on programs which aim to inform the public about climate change, its negative effects, and what they can do in order to lessen these effects. By knowing the impact of climate change on their lives, the people will realize the importance of having to protect Mother Earth. But the fight against climate change is not only the government's but also ours.
As Filipinos and inhabitants of Earth, it is our responsibility to take care of our environment. Having initiative, sensitivity, and discipline will greatly help in the rehabilitation of our planet. Through acting together and helping each other, I believe that we and our planet still have a chance of creating a better world to live in.

Allan Dumayas
October 04, 2013

Unknown to some, a UN special envoy praised the Philippines for having the best climate change laws compared to the rest of the world. It's just so frustrating to know that even with these laws in place, the harmful effects of the occurring climate change due to excessive GHG emissions will take decades to reverse. We should have seen this problem coming since studies have been made in the 50's about the possible repercussions of man-made activities such as heavy industrialization.
Here in the Philippines, it's great to know that the current administration is serious about pursuing steps, setting plans and reforms to combat the effects of climate change. Unfortunately there seems to be a lack of coordination among private agencies and LGUs when they should be the ones disseminating the much needed and important information to the people under their jurisdiction. It should not get to the point where we realize how dangerous our environmental situation is until it's too late.
We may have very good laws –the best ones, in fact. But, laws are only as good as they are on paper and it won’t work if it is not being seriously followed and implemented properly. It's important to know that we should begin the change within ourselves by starting to listen and educating ourselves about this issue at hand.
Sources and References
1. Smith, T.
Is the Philippines’ climate law the best in the world?. (May 4, 2012). Retrieved from…
2. NOW. Science & Health. The Political Climate. (April 22, 2005)
Retrieved from

Christian Winnerin Hilario
October 21, 2013

Climate change is a global issue. It is especially challenging for developing nations like ours to deal with climate related problems. The Philippine government has a lot of work to do to improve its current policies on climate change. The laws and agencies that we have in the country right now are insufficient and inefficient, if not one of the least responsive in the world to climate change.
Take the Clean Air Act of 1999 for example. Fourteen years after being signed into law, our urban centers are still filled with smoke belching motor vehicles and there has been no significant improvement in air quality. With oil prices constantly increasing and oil wells quickly drying up, the shift to the use of renewable energy and greener forms of transportation could not be any timelier and practical.
Typhoons regularly pass the Philippines but it seems that we do not learn. In the recent typhoon and flooding disasters in various parts of the country, the lack of coordination between the national and local government units, as well as with the specialized agencies have caused delays (or worse failure) in rescue and relief operations. Add to this the perennial problem of corruption in our government. Stories about officials’ misuse of calamity funds, hoarding relief goods and distributing them only to select groups are certainly not good news. Good thing, there are those from the private sector and NGOs to augment in the efforts to help the affected.
Filipinos are a resilient people. It would certainly help if the government can come up with better policies to manage climate change.

Jeffrie Victorino
October 11, 2013

Climate change clearly is one problem that the whole world is facing right now. It is evident that the negative effects are already being felt by many. As mentioned in the article, natural calamities which happened in recent years (like typhoons) produced lots of losses in lives and finances. Our country is very susceptible to these calamities, but flooding has not been very rampant until recently.
I can say that the Philippine government is on the right track, especially that ways and means to effectively address the problems on climate change are already being implemented. Requesting the World Bank to undertake a study to review government expenditures related to the issue is also one smart approach – it only proves that the matter is of critical importance and that serious measures should be applied.
Reviewing and allocating the right budget to projects related to the subject is very important, but I can say that consistency with proper implementation and usage of the budget is far more critical. Also, along with monitoring, reviewing and evaluating climate change policies, educating the public should be driven more for us to have stronger action plans. Everyone’s contribution is needed if we want to be successful with these efforts; it is human survival that we are trying to address after all.
Reference: Getting a Grip… on Climate Change in the Philippines (World Bank Report)

Ces Heidi Amihan Reine Sarmiento
October 04, 2013

It is a good thing that our government is taking action in the adaptation on climate change. But I think that the foremost thing that should be done is to change our own mindset of how we view and value our own environment and learn how to adapt to it changes.
We Filipinos know in ourselves that we lack discipline considering our surroundings, doing things like throwing garbage in wrong places especially in rivers and canals. But I know we Filipinos could change this if they have the will.
If we Filipinos could just observe proper discipline and learn to love and take care of our surroundings as we treat our own house and backyard, then our environment will be clean and orderly, planting more trees and grasses, then the Philippines would have less damage caused by strong typhoons and other disasters.

Allan Eduard E. Macalinao
October 04, 2013

We, as a developing country, is highly vulnerable to the adverse impact of climate change. It has been manifested in the country in terms of weather disturbances including increased number of stronger typhoons, heavy flooding and other extreme weather events associated with climate change. These corresponding disasters have resulted to significant loss of human lives and huge amount of money due to destruction of properties including agriculture. Just recently, we have experienced unstoppable heavy rains over the Luzon area which resulted to heavy flooding in Metro Manila and the nearby provinces. While it is true that President Noy himself shares his concern about the disaster preparedness, we, the whole Filipino community, should be more responsible in facing the occurrence especially during rainy season. We should act now so we may not be able to face great obstacles. In our own little ways, let’s practically join small organization in our very own barangay about cleanliness and the ways to prevent pollution. Let’s look at our drainage systems, our waste management systems. We still can save our environment. It might be a long way, but we, more than anybody else, will benefit most with our little acts of concern. Proper discipline and the love for the Philippines should both be dealt by every Filipino. Let’s start cleaning our dear Pearl of the Orient.

Contessa C.
October 04, 2013

On my part, I can say that I am relieved to know that the Aquino administration is taking measures and actions for Filipinos to cope with the prevalent problem of climate change. This is a global issue since it does not only affects Filipinos but all of humanities and the whole of our world’s ecosystem, and our country’s participation in the global institutions involved in this awareness is a good sign that’ll we will find ways, through the cooperative efforts of global community, to cope up with this issue.
Taken from the report, it states that an autonomous agency has been put up and tasked to manage and evaluate the programs and action plans of the government relating to climate change. The agency also formulated the National Framework Strategy on Climate Change, National Climate Change Action Plan and guidelines for Local Climate Change Action Plan.
We are all aware of how our country’s archipelagic structure and position, being within the rim of Ring of Fire and Pacific Typhoon belt, made our country susceptible to major natural disasters, consequently, worsening the adverse effects of climate change towards us.
A similar report presented at Workshop on Climate Change and its Impact on Agriculture held in Seoul, in December, 2011 by Solatre and Baltazar stated that “The current climate trends shows that the Philippines like rest of the world has exhibited increasing temperature, and reduction in rainfall in most parts of the country will also be expected during the MAM (March April May) season. Extreme rainfall is projected to increase in Luzon and the Visayas, while a decreasing trend is projected in Mindanao.” This is all very true as from what I observed these last few months, all over the news.
The survey commissioned by World Bank concludes that majority of our countrymen are aware of the issue on climate change, and how its impacts brought negative effects to our lives. These may include reduced of crop productions or harvest as plants is heavily dependent on weather conditions. Damaged to properties and loss of lives brought by floodings caused us all aware how it can badly changed our world. This is a good sign for our government to continue it’s effort to implement laws regarding the issues, accordingly, people will be more cooperative. Let the people know that the government is doing all possible means for us to adapt with the situation. Also campaigns should be properly delivered to people. Educating people would be the best weapon to fight the climate change. Let them know that by simply planting one tree; proper waste disposal; turning off the lights when not use; using tabo instead of shower, and all such simple acts, they’re already doing their share of care for our Mother Earth.
The mentioned Php 1B fund should be properly distributed with the concern institutions and spent in a rightful manner and not within the authority of corrupt officials. I just hope that since Aquino is showing good signs in battling the rampant problem of corruption, the CCC agency is being staffed with right people to handle the task. I’ve seen lot of good projects right now, intended to battle the degrading condition of our planet, such as the no-plastic policy, I’ve seen how cooperative the store owners with this current ordinance in our barangay since they are obliged to pay Php 500 for each use of extra plastic bags for packing their merchandise (yeah right, we can drink soda without straw). A 500.00 pesos is already a harsh punishment for a small businessman. That is one small example of strict implementation of possible regulations the government can came up with. If one small barangay can put certain penalty to a small businesses, then be it in a national level that penalties should be imposed to big companies whose not showing concerns to our planet.
Though it is stated in the report of the World Bank on Climate Change that we are minor contributor to global warming, GHG emissions are projected to quadruple in the energy sector and double in the transport sector by 2030 due to its growing economy, urbanization and motorization, the earliest preparation on how to overcome this projection should be done.
Producers of harmful products that may emit greenhouse gases should be warned (or castigated) by the government and that they should come up with products less harmful in the most near future, or else, the product need to be banned.
Moreover, in these overall battle for climate change, since it has been observed that in the Philippines, the current agencies lacks knowledgeable staff and experts to look after this issue, government should encourage the youth to engage in this field of study. Government might as well offer scholarships for interested students who want to gain expertise in the said field. Seminars and trainings, and experimental studies, should be funded for exploring means of solving the climate issue problems. Many of our young people would be interested to be of help since it’ll be their generation (and their children) that’ll be taken care of.
It’s all a matter of discipline and exploring other possible resources.

Shonalie Derit
October 04, 2013

I remember how I was attentively doing my research paper about Climate Change on my high school senior time years ago and at the same time bothersome upon learning the facts and foreseen effects. From the sea level rise, melting ice bergs, heat waves to atmospheric holes etc., things I was personally unaware until I did the research paper. Perhaps those were also infamous among the masses during that time, year 2008.
It was just five years back. Upon reading this and the World Bank Report, I could certainly agree to the statement that a scientific mind is not needed to realize this occurrence. A research is not even necessary. Nowadays, the moment you come out of the door, climate change greets you. Not, however, with a wonderful welcome, but of either a scorching heat of the sun, floods from heavy rainfall or any form of drought. The unpredictable weather changes can be easily felt everywhere. The climate is not how it used to be, but it seems to be aggravating like a usual thing. Typhoons, flashfloods and erosions are recurrent every now and then. The impacts are obviously not negligible.
The government’s initiative to put up the Climate Change Commission (CCC) was commendable, even the foreword from the World Bank Report speaks so. However, the sad part as usual, was the ineffective implementation, budgetary constraints, insufficiency of equipments and many other concerns. Same problem arises, and we as vulnerable to all its effect due to our geographical location, extremely needs to follow the way forward as recommended on the WB article. We Filipinos can adapt, but not to the extent that we have to just let things be. It is to act now collectively or we expect even the worse cases of damages ahead. Being aware and not doing a thing is pure irresponsibility. Let us think of the next generations to suffer more from all of this.

Darrence Villaluna
October 04, 2013

I know this forum is about how we Filipinos are adopting to climate change, but I think looking at other models will allow us to see how others are coping up. And with it we would know what we should do as a nation.
I'm currently in Beijing on a business trip. Today I had the chance to travel around Beijing to get a glimpse of what Beijing could offer. But I'm not going to talk about the beauty of Beijing, what I want to talk about is how they are coping up with their pollution problem.
Travelling from Manila to Beijing will give you a culture shock, not because you may be the last person who doesn't understand the language, but because the climate in Beijing is far different from Manila. Just before we landed at the airport I got a chance to glimpse down and I saw how beautiful Beijing from above. I did not see the squatter colonies that you will normally see when your plane touchdown in NAIA. In Beijing there is none of those. However what really bothered me is the thick fog (smog?) that covered the whole of Beijing. That is just a glimpse of how big the pollution problem is in Beijing.
When I woke up this morning I saw the sun shining but not as bright as it is in Manila. It is caused by the thick smog that cloaks the city from the heat of the sun. You can even look directly at the sun and don't get the usual eye strain.
Beijing is an industrial city, and China is one of certified industrialized nations. Almost all of the electronic gadgets you will see and touch have the "Made in China" seal, albeit in part. China became an industrialized nation, but it seems to me that the efforts that they are doing to curtail the expected by-product of their success, smog, fog or whatever you call it, are not really enough to limit the emission of carbon dioxide at this time. Or are they getting there? Not sure. But how does Beijing (and China as a whole) cope up?
The government admitted about this issue and they realized that this could undermine social stability. And so, the government issued policies that would curb the pollution by restraining the industries that pollute the environment. They have imposed stricter penalties, they imposed other rules that may not be direct environmental policies, but policies that support the efforts to curb the pollution problem. This includes policy on transparency on environmental information, including coordination of government in different sectors or levels.
Meanwhile the citizens have to contend with wearing masks, especially for those who have lung problems. I read in one article that one school had to create a 'breathing dome' or 'pollution domes', practically a dome that is pressurized where sports activities are performed. At different levels the citizens are suffering.
Our government should look at where China went wrong, and what China is currently doing to make it right. China is a good case study for our government. They will need to look at the regulations, implementations and penalties that are currently imposed in China. The government needs to enact necessary laws that will ensure real growth in our economy, one that has lasting effect, and one that has the health of its citizens in mind.

Jubil Re Geonzon
October 04, 2013

The effects of climate change are alarming wherein we see the rise of the oceans. Some island nations are at risks especially when communities are at sea level. The Philippines is a tropical archipelago. Majority of densely populated area are situated in the coasts. Some are in the rivers as well. The first to feel the effects of climate change are from the coastal communities. Let us take the City of Manila as an example. Some places in the city are in the sea level or worse, below sea level. Drainage was such a nemesis of the city because there is no way out for the sewage. If ever rain would fall, there would be massive flooding in the city. Now due to climate change, storms became stronger. The effect of a super typhoon would bring in 25 ft wall of water or storm surge. (As seen in the picture above). This would mean that majority of City of Manila or perhaps the NCR would be flooded. Let us say that we experienced typhoon Ondoy in 2009. We experienced the Monsoon last year. As years go by, storms and monsoons are getting worse as well as the frequency of typhoons are increasing. We then experience that indeed, climate change is not just around the corner but is now in our doorsteps.
The Philippine Government had dealt with the problems that the climate change brought us. Since we cannot change what nature brings us, our way to combat it is through ourselves. The Climate Change Act of 2009 (Republic Act No. 9729)was made into law. With the implementation of the CCA, It made the possibility to create a body to deal with climate change which is the Climate Change Council.
In the LGU level, the CCA was in effect as well. I had noticed the effort in eradicating the use of plastics which hinders the sewage. If the President of the Philippines is the head of the CCC, LGU's shall do their part in their own jurisdictions as well. The funding of the People's Survival Fund shall be granted to the Baranggays to fully fund every baranggay hall equipment in response to disasters. On the part of the NGO's and Businesses, there will be a representative or body within the town or city to participate in the Climate Change Council in LGU level. This will further make more presence from private sectors to participate in accordance to the Climate Change Act.
We build our future from schools. In the CCA, Department of Education was included. The knowledge and awareness about Climate Change are now enculcated to each Filipinos. We all know that politicians, engineers, agriculturists, businessmen are not trained to deal climate change. There must be a specialization on dealing with such matter. How about a college course that will further enhance or train students that would specialize on vital roles to deal climate change. I heard that an engineering subject which is namely, Environmental Engineering. It is designed to the protection of the environment and the reduction of carbon footprints.
I should say that policies are there but how about the members of the council. Are they trained to be that? How about for the future. We shall sow our seeds that in the future we may produce innovators and a heart to strongly execute the wonders of this law. We must all remember that if nature turns against us, we can not do anything about it.

Maria Vilma Arboleda
October 05, 2013

I'm relieved to learn that our government is taking initiatives to lead the country in adapting to climate change; and to have the World Bank investigate how effective the climate change-related system is only shows how serious it is about helping the nation on a long-term basis.
Filipinos are very much capable of adjusting to their environment. Our ancestors have maximized the mountains they inhabited by building formidable yet magnificent rice and crop terraces by hand, and used their bare feet in plowing the fields even before the concept of the metal-made plough was introduced to them. Regardless of countless landslides they have encountered over the centuries, they still thrive and adjust to whatever nature brings them.
However, what we’re facing now is different from what our forefathers faced. The climate change is way too fast, and the Philippines, being surrounded by water, is vulnerable to flooding once the ice caps totally melt. It might benefit our fishermen, even if the water temperature has already raised in the coming years, because the fishes have survived and adapted to extreme climate change before. It might not affect our kababayans in the mountains flood-wise, but in time, too much heat might affect their crops and their livelihood.
It’s a good thing that our government is prioritizing adaptation measures on climate change.
While their efforts are appreciated, however, I couldn’t help but shocked to find out through the World Bank report that the Climate Change Commission (CCC), one that is attached to the Office of the President, still hasn’t clarified what its roles are, as well as its relationships with other agencies. In any organization, even in a small family, not knowing one’s role is can greatly affect productivity.
This issue will hinder the commission in accomplishing its goals, even after it has addressed its problems on data collection systems, knowledgeable personnel, and cooperation of the people.
The CPEIR is already accessible through the CCC’s official website. I hope that they have read it and immediately call a series of meetings to clarify and finalize what their roles are in this undertaking, and how this agency is related to the others. Because even in a small organization such as a three-member family, not knowing what one’s role is can greatly affect effectiveness and productivity.
Is our government including the preservation of non-renewal resources? I’m referring to the the strict regulation of the extraction industry. Just in case they’re missing it, these companies are removing huge amounts of the Earth’s crust. The other countries who are engaged in this means of economic survival must ponder on this as well.
I’m also curious to find out what the government is planning to do in terms of strengthening our fisheries and agriculture industry, given that the waters are expected to be 4°C by 2060. If I’m not mistaken, that’s an average of a degree higher every 11.75 years. And would it be possible that the fishes are already adjusting to the warmer water temperature? Since the earth existed, its inhabitants have showed its capability to adjust to extreme climate and weather changes. I’m thinking that if we act now and minimize pollution, we won’t have much of a hard time in terms of securing food.
I believe that the Philippines can adapt to climate change. We have a willing and able president, and motivated LGUs who are the backbone of our government. Now, if we can only get the people to lift a finger to help out.

Deo Angelo Simando
October 05, 2013

It is very clear that climate change is getting worse and more destructive. Unfortunately, nothing, not even the most powerful countries can reverse it. Nature has its way of maintaining balance, and changes in the climate patterns are just part of nature’s law.
Although it is irreversible, there are mitigation and adaptation measures that we can make use of to reduce or prevent further damage to lives and properties. However, very few people understand how crucial it is to take part and learn our responsibilities in addressing this global concern.
We are fortunate that the Philippines is geographically located right above the equator. Being a tropical country with high biodiversity is truly an advantage but our location in the pacific region also makes us vulnerable to strong and destructive storms during wet seasons and severe drought or long-dry spells. These phenomena always affect our economy, our well-being and our lives.
Sadly speaking, our country does not have institutional capacity, including limited access to knowledge, and inadequate state-of-the-art tools and equipment that are needed for efficient action to and reforms on climate change. The reason? Misuse of the country’s fund, poor governance, corruption, lack of unity and a lot more.
What can we do then? I am particularly curious about how the Philippines can improve its program on climate change.
But I am aware that, there are enough resources and information that identified the causes of global warming and climate change and the solutions to alleviate the problem. So, we can work together and adopt solutions that will work best for our country and for the entire world.
Let’s plant trees, maintain a cleaner and greener environment, minimize energy consumptions, lessen contributors to global heat, use bio-diesel and etc…
Let us minimize the factors that contribute to drastic global warming and climate change and maximize our knowledge, team work, goals and determination to address this urgent and life-long global concern.

Mara Del Castillo
October 04, 2013

Climate change has affected the Philippines greatly. The weather is completely different from more than 10 years ago. Summers have become more humid and intensely hotter. Philippines is prone to typhoons and we really should be ready when these pass our country, but through the years, the intensity of the typhoons became heavier. Recently, even without typhoons within the Philippines’ area of responsibility, the monsoon brought heavier rains which caused floods all around Metro Manila and in different parts of the country. Agriculture has also been greatly affected because of these rains. Thus, our country needs to be ready with these circumstances, since climate change has really affected the country’s situation. I do hope the government would take action on this serious matter.

Eduardo Rebamontan
October 04, 2013

Because the Philippines is a developing country with a growing economy, part of that economic growth can be observed with the swelling number of cars currently on the roads of Metro Manila. In the past couple of decades it has swollen so much that imagine that the GHG daily traffic produces can now be seen as a dark layer of smog in the afternoon. Obviously, fossil fuel-based pollution is one of the climate change problems facing the Philippines today.
It might not be immediately apparent to every one of my countrymen, but lately there have been some trends that are for climate control. Bicycles are now a trend and many private groups and government programs aimed specifically for the promotion of bicycles as a means of transport, specifically an alternative for cars in everyday commute. There has been changes on some parts of Metro Manila, particularly in Markina and Quezon City which has now installed bike lanes. Lately, the city of Pasig has opened its public bicycle rental program to encourage citizen to take a bicycle to their destination as opposed to private or public transport. The MRT/LRT public rail transport now also allows folding bicycles to board their trains as part of a bimodal commute strategy for people who want to take bicycles to work.
Aside from alternative forms of transportation, many cities has now implemented the zero-plastic bag initiative in order to prevent flood-related calamities like Ondoy from happening. Although plastic bags may or may not directly affect the atmosphere by producing GHGs, plastic bags and other non-biodegradable substances contributed to flooding by clogging sewage systems which directly causes flooding.
These are a couple of measures the government and the private sectors have adopted to curve the deteriorating climate and fight its effects. However, climate change is not a localized phenomenon, it is a global concern. Climate Change measures will not do much good if the rest of the countries that are major users of fossil fuel and other GHG-emissive products don’t have the initiative or implement ways to deal with their local problems. We are all on the same Earth and breathing the same atmosphere, climate change is as much their problem as it is ours.

Renz Quintos
October 04, 2013

Climate change really felt by Filipinos these past few years. Typhoons and non-stop rains brought floods which devastated the urban areas, landslides on mountainsides, affecting business, and worst, killing people. Greenhouse gas emission, illegal logging, mining and fishing, are frequent cause of destroying our Mother Earth.
The societal modernization and the increasing energy demand, people tend to abused Mother Nature. One example is farmers here in our barangay, in Batangas. Before, they used horse to go to farm, and now replaced by motorcycles. Even elementary students going to school is accompanied by their parents using their motorcycles. Root crops turn into poultry farms. Small things but huge effect on ozone layer.
The government rose programs, like CCA (Climate Change Act, R.A. 9729), protecting climate system as its main goal. If the government continue establishing programs like this, focus saving on environment and not only corruption, pollution may be lessen, Mother Nature might be preserved. If only if?

Danilo Toquero Tierra
October 04, 2013

Climate Change : The New Normal
The normal pattern in the weather system of the globe has shifted abnormally. This shift have created massive destruction to the lives and properties of the people. The once normal condition which people of the globe were used to, have been greeted by surprises brought by the new normal, which seems to be destructible.
Since the shift is already in our midst, human cannot but to shift and adapt to the new normal. Human by nature have this innate ability to adapt to any change that is coming its way just to maintain its co-existence with nature.
Human intelligence dictates that any foreboding events ,will yield man’s imaginative ways to combat any threat to him/her. Human will eventually creates systems and methods to cushion the impact of the burgeoning effect of the new normal, which the climate change would bring.
As the famous scientist Albert Einstein says, “Necessity is the mother of all inventions”. I believe that we have in the crossroad wherein nature is challenging man’s ability. And it is for us humans to stand up and face this challenge squarely.

Abigaile Cyr Sevilla
October 06, 2013

“There are 4 Key Points in understanding the causes of climate change:
• Both natural and human factors change Earth’s climate.
• Before humans, changes in climate resulted entirely from natural causes such as changes in Earth’s orbit, changes in solar activity, or volcanic eruptions.
• Since the Industrial Era began, humans have had an increasing effect on climate, particularly by adding billions of tons of heat-trapping greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.
• Most of the observed warming since the mid-20th century is due to human-caused greenhouse gas emissions.”¹
No human being can do anything on changes in climate resulting entirely from natural causes. However, as an individual and as a society in general, we can all contribute to mitigate human-caused effects in climate change. From human processes such as deforestation, desertification, and urbanization, to human activities increasing the number of aerosol particles in the atmosphere, one’s individual action and by-and-large the society as whole, can reduce or at the very least alleviate the negative effects of climate change. From an individual Filipino’s recycling efforts to Philippine society’s targeted reductions in black carbon emissions, each at its level can reduce global warming. What is important, whether as a Filipino individual or Philippine society in general, is the doing not only the wishing, the action and not just the rhetoric.

Ana Liza Furukawa
October 04, 2013

Adapting climate change is not a hard thing to do for me, but understanding on why it is happening is a big question, a question that has to be answered right away not just of me, but also of the people of the rest of the world.
Climate change is the result of our irresponsible acts. Floods have devastated our country many times that caused deaths, health risks and destroyed our houses. It affected our food and water supplies, infrastructure and transportation systems. Although the people are now getting aware of the impact, there are still many things to address to avoid the consequences of climate change. Government and citizens should work hard together. To give enough education to the people about climate change on how it will affect us is what we should focus more. The government has to develop the strategies and the “climate reform agenda” on transforming the climate policies.
Filipinos nowadays are getting aware and responding to the needs of preventing climate change. In fact some local governments have implemented an environmental friendly ordinance. Plastic bags are not allowed in some supermarkets and wet markets. Styrofoam or cellophane is not allowed to bring at school (this I believe is also mandated by DEPED). Segregation of garbage is being implemented as well in public and private establishments. Every household’s waste are also encouraged to be segregated. However, waste recycling plant is still a major issue. Funds on setting up recycle plants are still in need of better planning.
And of course an individual’s participation and involvement in helping and preserving the environment is a must. We can help by doing small things like bringing your own eco-bags, buying environmental friendly products, planting of plants in a pot or trees at your own backyards, biodegradable composting, and proper disposal of garbage. Small things that is not difficult to do, small efforts that matters a lot.
Our government’s reform on strengthening and planning the budget for the climate change will surely help to avoid consequences of climate change. But all of these will be senseless if we still continue to aggravate our environment. We cannot only depend on our government to make them think of the remedies on this problem, we need to give our share on preventing it as well. Discipline and cooperation are what we need. We should work on this together.

Charmaine Principe
October 04, 2013

Climate change has been an on-going problem of the society. It just happened that here in the Philippines, because of the budget, lack of knowledge and initiation this has resulted to severe damage in the country. Even monsoon now can flood areas in the Philippines that are known to be flood-prone zones. The government as of now is still working on unfinished projects that can probably resolve the issue but because they are so much busy with other admin issue’s that they have to freeze the project. We might also be able to help as an individual but still we never take these things seriously because we’re mostly involved on other issues than help the environment in generating solutions to help preserve and minimize environmental problems. The observation released by World Bank only entails how our government do not treat this kind of issue with high importance. It’s a good thing they we’re able to identify ways on how to improve the situation and recommended ways to help the country’s situation. Since climate change can be a threat to human existence this is a major issue needed additional attention by the government and groups of private individual who initiate movements for environmental concerns.

Joanne Laurice Caguicla
October 07, 2013

Everyone is aware of what global warming is, but not everyone realizes the grave effect of it—climate change. As the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) exponentially increase, the change in climate is getting worse. The temperature is increasing and the weather becomes more unpredictable. But actually, the worst part is not the climate itself but the fact that most people don't realize that they are also contributors of greenhouse gases in their simple ways.
For the past years, we have been experiencing severe disasters, like destructive typhoons, landslides, earthquakes, etc., that affected thousands of people. As these problems become alarming, the government and different organizations, both public and private, are starting to formulate safety measures in preparation for such disasters.
Honestly, I was not aware of the actions done by the government to resolve or lessen the problems about the arising problem regarding climate change.While I was reading the World Bank report, I finally got informed that the government is actually doing something about it. It is promising but, at the same time, bothering.
If there are a lot of plans, activities and laws concerning climate change, how come there is no or little improvement? On the one hand, the government keeps on informing the public of the do's and don'ts to lessen GHG emission. But is it well implemented? I am not sure if it's because of my indifference or the government hasn't really implemented those policies efficiently. On the other hand, there may be effective laws that would somehow resolve the problem. But do the people cooperate? It's just easy to put the blame on anybody. And that's the major problem—people keep on blaming each other.
All the plans and agendas, if implemented well, will be very helpful and indeed effective. But no matter how much fund the government will allot for the climate related agenda, if the people will not cooperate, there would have no change at all.
Global warming is already impossible to resolve. And still, a big percentage of people are still unaware of the long-term future effect of this climate change. Most just rely on the government and don't make an effort to create change. That's why there's a need for a strong implementation of policies and actualization of plans.
The questions are: When could these plans be actualized? Would it still be possible for citizens to be more concerned about this issue? How could the government catch people's attention and inform them about the urgency of this arising problem?

Emerjon Regala
October 06, 2013

I do believe that most of the Filipinos are aware of what is going on once they experience it however, they don't know what caused it and how it will be resolved. For example, those typhoons and other natural calamities came to their knowledge once it happens in their place. But when you ask them why it is happening, they might not have the full knowledge of why's and how's especially those who are in slump areas or rural areas. When you ask them if they have heard the word "global warming", and climate change", they will answer with yes however, if you ask them to define them, they will answer with mmmm..., I don't know or other responses which deal with uncertainty or out of knowledge. The problem and the solution that arrive to my mind is the information dissemination and technology. Scientific and technological innovation can help the problem and it must be delivered properly. Some of the schools and universities in the Philippines adopt new technology to climate change. Some try to make a gadget or an innovation that will help the farmers to know the weather events. I remember the issue of a politician who put a budget on making a kit or a pamphlet for farmers which was in english, I don't see the problem with this, it was really helpful, however, the medium they used was not coincide with the consumers. It is because only few famers can understand english. Some rather wanted to rather spend it on crops or materials needed. I would suggest to have the information on cellphones because most of the farmers have cellphones or the government or the responsible on agriculture would sell cellphone at a very affordable price and they will disseminate information regarding agriculture to the farmers. Example what will be the best crops in rainy season, what they can do to save the plants when it is drought. The biggest challenge in terms of climate change is the agriculture, like the change of soil, planting season. I have heard from the news that the government is partnering with universities, with local research centers in order to find solutions. We must mitigate with climate change. Social Media as well has the greatest aid of information dissemination for most of the people are into social media. The things that they may include with the information dissemination are: definition of terms like global warming, climate change, green house effect etc., causes of natural calamities, effects of the human doings and the like. The solutions and the future are in our hands and we must go hand in hand in facing the challenges that future brings.

Lynlee Jabadan
October 04, 2013

The current event that is happening is a proof of how climate change affects us directly. It is given that government should come up with effective strategy to cope up with climate change. But it will not be successful if we, as a part of community will not participate in implementing these strategies. I believe that it all should start from within us. We should have the initiative to change for the better. If we start following what is being implemented and be discipline enough to do what is right, then our place will be a safe and secure place to live in. I also believe that calamities and disaster that we are experiencing right now which also causes a enormous damage not only with our people property, not to mention the number of lives it took, and its impact to the economy, all started by destroying our environment. As a part of the community I believe that it should from me. I will be responsible with my actions toward the environment. I will participate and be a part of the program the community is implementing. I also believe that it all start at home.

Hermelyn Velasquez
October 06, 2013

It's great that the administration set up these agencies or units to take charge solely related to climate change. I presume that the majority of the people don’t know about the aforementioned data, especially the general public. And even if they know ---perhaps saw on TV news or read from a newspaper --- they don't fully understand or intend to grasp what it is all about, because of the jargons used or the technicality of how it was presented.
I suggest that the government, specifically these agencies should add more focus to public awareness through the use of a way that is very common to every household, which is the television. Local TV shows have tremendous commercials about product advertisement, why not adopt these means and make some TV commercials showing some tips and heads up about climate change. Simple tips and uncomplicated steps like opting for energy-efficient home appliances and recycling.

Joanne Laurice Caguicla
October 06, 2013

Everyone is aware of what global warming is, but not everyone realizes the grave effect of it—climate change. As the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) exponentially increase, the change in climate is getting worse. The temperature is increasing and the weather becomes more unpredictable. But actually, the worst part is not the climate itself but the fact that most people don't realize that they are also contributors of greenhouse gases in their simple ways.
For the past years, we have been experiencing severe disasters, like destructive typhoons, landslides, earthquakes, etc., that affected thousands of people. As these problems become alarming, the government and different organizations, both public and private, are starting to formulate safety measures in preparation for such disasters.
Honestly, I was not aware of the actions done by the government to resolve or lessen the problems about the arising problem regarding climate change.While I was reading the World Bank report, I finally got informed that the government is actually doing something about it. It is promising but, at the same time, bothering.
If there are a lot of plans, activities and laws concerning climate change, how come there is no or little improvement? On the one hand, the government keeps on informing the public of the do's and don'ts to lessen GHG emission. But is it well implemented? I am not sure if it's because of my indifference or the government hasn't really implemented those policies efficiently. On the other hand, there may be effective laws that would somehow resolve the problem. But do the people cooperate? It's just easy to put the blame on anybody. And that's the major problem—people keep on blaming each other.
All the plans and agendas, if implemented well, will be very helpful and indeed effective. But no matter how much fund the government will allot for the climate related agenda, if the people will not cooperate, there would have no change at all.
Global warming is already impossible to resolve. And still, a big percentage of people are still unaware of the long-term future effect of this climate change. Most just rely on the government and don't make an effort to create change. That's why there's a need for a strong implementation of policies and actualization of plans.
The questions are: When could these plans be actualized? Would it still be possible for citizens to be more concerned about this issue? How could the government catch people's attention and inform them about the urgency of this arising problem?

Maria Lucia Yabes
October 04, 2013

How am I adapting to climate change here in the Philippines?
Frankly, I am seriously indifferent with the climate activity here.
Yes, it’s mostly hot all year round since it’s a tropical island. I rather prefer a four-season climate view.
With regards to the report, that’s really good that they are establishing a greener nation/environment for the country. Just keep it up and they would attract more tourists.

Yakeina Gozun
October 06, 2013

Climate change is a major concern globally. Climate change is noticeable with the drastic rise of sea levels, icebergs rapidly melting, increased amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, more unbearable warm temperatures and stronger & more disastrous typhoons and natural calamities. Hurricane Katrina that hit the US in 2005, Japan's tsunami in 2011 and Philippines' typhoon Ondoy in 2009 are just few examples of how disastrous the natural calamities are these days. These natural calamities are indications that climate change is occurring and can aggravate if not attended to immediately.
In our country, the Philippines, there are only two types of season – the wet and the dry season. During the dry season, the country experiences warm temperatures at the beginning of March until the start of June, and cool dry temperatures from December to February. During the wet season, rains and typhoons occur in mid-June and may last until October to November. Due to climate change, the Philippines is experiencing warmer temperatures and/or even rains in the months of December to February, and heavier rains (habagat) during the wet season as felt during typhoon Ondoy in 2009.
It is gratifying to know that the Philippine government is increasing its attention to managing climate change with the adoption of a policy in 2009, the Climate Change Act, which is driven by the Climate Change Commission (CCC) in partnership with Department of Budget and Management (DBM).
"In 2009, Congress passed the Climate Change Act creating the CCC to develop policies and coordinate government programs on climate change. The CCC in turn developed the National Climate Change Action Plan that serves as a road map for all climate change programs in the Philippines. “Incorporating the climate change action plan into the national and local development process, supported by properly-targeted public investments, is important to ensure that climate change priorities are translated into concrete actions on the ground,” said Secretary Lucille L. Sering, Commissioner and Vice Chairperson of the CCC.
"Climate change has a direct and immediate impact on development. As it stands, the Philippines is already in the path of major weather disturbances that damage property and critical infrastructure. More urgent however is the fact that these weather patterns frequently jeopardize the welfare of communities in high-risk areas. Recognizing this, the Aquino administration remains committed to providing sufficient budgetary support for programs and projects that mitigate the effects of climate change in the country,” said DBM Secretary Florencio B. Abad
However, we should not wait for the government and its agencies to implement their projects against climate change. We can start contributing to solve this problem in our little ways. If we are continuously being aware of practices or activities that can help our environment or at least slow down its degradation, this collective effort can count.
One way for us to reduce climate change is by using renewable energy, which prevents the emission of carbon dioxide from fossil fuels. Another way to reduce climate change is by “travelling green.” Instead of using your own car, you can ride a bike, walk or use a public utility vehicle in getting to your destination. You can also use a fuel-efficient gas for your own vehicle to lessen the emission of carbon in the atmosphere. Manufactured materials are often disposed of after being used. Trimming our wastes by reusing and recycling them can diminish the amount of carbon dioxide in land and air. Also, planting trees in our environment can be a big help in decreasing carbon dioxide. People can make a difference in the world, even with the small actions we can do as individuals, these can create a huge impact in making our world into a better place to live in.………

Sej Girard Kaimo
October 06, 2013

It is nice to know all the plan and vision to help the effects of climate change. Based on "Getting a Grip on climate change in the Philippines", a report from The World Bank, Initiatives were already rolled out since 2009 for the Climate Change Act and NCCAP to have a clear evolution of priorities. It really is good indeed. But our question is, Is it all plans? or publicity? Why Publicity? It is because people are not aware of this. With how our government is now and all the corruption happening how can we ever keep our hopes high? Government says funds have been allocated here and there, but do we see results? One issue is pollution, this can dramatically help reduce the effects of climate change.Recently Philippine Medical Association (PMA) plans to file a case against DTI, DOTC and DENR for dereliction of duty (for failing to implement the environmental laws). Not seeing an improvement with the pollution problem in the Philippines particularly with Air pollution which greatly affects climate change.
As a concerned common Filipino, I hope we could help start a change by just being an advocate to these plans, just being aware will be a great push. Educating the nation alone will be a move towards a better tomorrow. Expecting the government will just keep us dreaming.

Brigette Lalo
October 04, 2013

Environmental as well as social safeguards are two major components in trying to mitigate climate change. Our surrounding is constantly changing parallel to human behaviour that constantly negatively impacting our mother Gaia, mother earth.
As always, self-discipline and love for our country are few of the most important factors we lack that needs to be developed in every Filipino. If we do love our country, let’s act now bereft of hypocrisy. Should we wait when it is our time to go with the catastrophic flush floods with all the trash around us, inflicted with cancer because of the intense heat of UV rays, have air-born diseases, breathe carbon and sulfur emissions? Education for Filipinos about climate change should not be an excuse to any individual. Government should provide a venue for national information campaign on climate and social change. I believe that with proper education, one can act accordingly. It will also help to make people be aware and cautious of the environmental damage due to aggravated pollution; and to visualize what’s happening not just in the Philippines but also globally.
It’s our time to be vigilant, keep an eye to the implementation of green development programs and watch out for inconsiderate ill-planned building structures, unscrupulous financial spending of funds to unwanted projects and corrupt activities of the government. It’s our lawful right to ensure that only sound programmes should be pursued and achieved to the highest level of human safeguards, for the betterment of our country and to secure the future generations.

October 04, 2013

“…effective implementation of the climate change agenda”
Climate Change is an issue that’s used to be passively dealt with or thought of by the majority. I believe that that is where the problem lies in: our lack of concern towards this matter in the beginning, and our late reaction/countermeasures now that we’ve suffered its wrath. The expression, “better late than never”, accurately describes the government’s measures to alleviate its alarming consequences. It makes one wishes that it were just as simple as controlling the problem and getting rid of it in a snap. Sigh. If only.
We’ve all experienced the problems that Climate Change has brought forth for the Philippines. It’s actually pretty frightening when you think about the typhoons and hottest summer days that we’ve been having for the past three years or so: the casualties and destruction that resulted from it is just the tip of the iceberg in my opinion. The Philippines, as we all know, is an archipelago, a group of islands, so it’s equally worrisome to imagine our land gradually lost to the sea because of global warming, which could lead to low lying islands constantly flooded during typhoon season (its eventual submersion and lost under the sea).
On the Climate reform agenda - With the ongoing budget fund scams that our country’s currently facing, I really fear for the budget that’ll be allocated for this plan. I just hope that the right people will be chosen to lead this, and that funds won’t go astray and/or pocketed by corrupt government or non-government officials. They have to choose the most knowledgeable, skilled and upright individuals in order for this project to be seen through until the end (and actually achieve its goal). Of course, change is only plausible if the people is willing to make it happen. We all need to be united in our objective to make it work. We owe it to ourselves, especially since we would be the ones suffering the bigger consequences should we not choose to act immediately.