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New Mali survey data now available!

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Photo © Dominic Chavez/World Bank

The second edition of the Enquête Agricole de Conjoncture Intégrée aux Conditions de Vie des Ménages (EAC-I 17)—a nationally representative household survey covering a range of topics including agriculture, demography, education, food security, labor, livestock, savings, shocks—is now available.

For this survey, 8,390 households were visited twice each between 2017 and 2018, during post-planting and post-harvest periods of the agricultural season. Particular attention was paid to the measurement of agricultural income, a long-sought goal of the Ministry of Agriculture.

Overall findings:

  • Agriculture: 70% of households do not use improved seed varieties or phytosanitary products, and 44% of agricultural households use inorganic fertilizers.
  • Credit: The primary reasons for taking out loans are, 1) to buy farm inputs, and 2) to help meet household consumption requirements.
  • Education: There is a large educational gap between urban and rural populations. Around 75% of individuals aged 15–39 years are uneducated in rural areas, while only 29% are, in urban areas.
  • Employment: Agriculture is the greatest source of employment in rural areas. Over 96 % of individuals aged 15–39 years are in fact employed in agriculture.
  • Income: Crop production is by far the most important source of income, accounting for almost 50% of total income, followed by transfers (18%), and livestock and non-agricultural wages (12%).
  • Livestock: Livestock are mainly kept for their income-generating by-products and their ability to work the fields.
  • Labor: Household labor represents 92% of total labor farm labor.

EAC-I 17 is the result of a partnership between the Cellule de Planification et de Statistique du Secteur Développement Rural (CPS/SDR) of the Ministry of Agriculture, USAID, and the World Bank’s Living Standards Measurement Study. Data from the EAC-I 17 have been made freely available to support government officials, researchers, and donors to monitor living standards and formulate policies aimed at improving the lives of Malians.

To access the EAC-I 17 dataset and related documentation, visit the World Bank’s Microdata Catalog.


Marco Tiberti

Economist, Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS), World Bank

Vini Vaid

Communications Consultant

Giulia Ponzini

Economist, Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS), World Bank

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