Most countries in South Asia have more pollution-intensive than green jobs
Across South Asia, 2-11 percent of workers were employed in green jobs, while the range was narrower for pollution-intensive jobs, at 6-11 percent. The vast majority of jobs are classified as “pollution-neutral”—neither green nor pollution-intensive.
Pollution-intensive jobs are more geographically concentrated than green jobs
Pollution-intensive jobs accounted for 10 percent or more of employment in two states or union territories in India, which also had above-average poverty; three provinces in Pakistan; and three provinces in Sri Lanka. Green jobs were more dispersed: across the whole region, there were only four states with a share of green jobs above 10 percent, all of them being in India, with two also heavily reliant on pollution-intensive jobs.
Workers in green jobs are better educated and less likely to be informal
In the region, highly educated and formal workers were generally more likely to be employed in green jobs. Conversely, workers in pollution-intensive jobs were significantly less educated and more often informally employed.
Workers in green jobs earn more than the average worker
Workers in green jobs earn more than other workers. Even after controlling for their higher education and formal employment arrangements, workers in green jobs earn about 7 percent more than other workers. Conversely, workers in pollution-intensive jobs received almost 10 percent lower wages than other workers. The characteristics of workers in pollution-intensive jobs suggest lower-paid, lower-educated, informal workers are at risk of being stranded.
South Asia has strong potential for employment in renewable energy
South Asia has strong potential for renewable energy. The number of jobs in the region related to the production of renewable energy is already almost as high as in the United States, although both are far lower than in China.
This blog is part of a series on the World Bank's latest South Asia Development Update, Toward Faster, Cleaner Growth.