Girls enrolled in school are less likely to become pregnant as teenagers

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Globally, adolescent fertility has declined from 65 births per 1,000 adolescent women in 1990 to 44 births in 2017. This decline in adolescent fertility is strongly associated with an increase in secondary school enrollment of girls. In regions with higher rates of adolescent fertility in 1990, such as Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, this relationship is even more pronounced.

Several studies highlighted in the World Bank report “The Cost of Not Educating Girls” (2018) suggest that there is a causal relationship—more education for girls can result in delayed fertility. On average, an additional year of secondary school reduces the chances of teenage childbearing by 6 percentage points. This causal relationship is explained by the higher opportunity cost in terms of lost income associated with teenage birth for women with higher level of education.

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Dr MP Sukumaran Nair
September 10, 2019

Southern India and especially Kerala is the best exmple. As a result of the past efforts over 60 years today every girl child goes to school and thus the adolucent fertility has dropped to a TFR of 1.8 . Resources being limited we have to essentially control population growth to advance economic prosperity. Govt of India's recently anounced program to incentivise states who have been successful in containing population growth through is indeed laudable