Massimiliano Calì is a Trade Economist in the World Bank Group Trade and Competitiveness Gloabl Practice. His current and recent work focuses on trade in fragile countries, on the relation between economics and conflict, and on urbanization. Prior to joining the Bank in 2012, he served as an economic advisor to the Palestinian Ministry of National Economy in Ramallah, as a research fellow with the Overseas Development Institute (based in London, Geneva, and Jerusalem), and as an economist with the Italian embassy to Bolivia in La Paz. In these capacities he has provided economic policy advice to a number of ministries in developing countries as well as to international organizations and NGOs. He has published in the fields of trade and development, state-business relations, migration and urbanization. He holds a PhD in Economic Geography from the London School of Economics and an MA in Development Economics from the University of East Anglia.