Published on Data Blog

New HIV infections down 40% since 1998

The number of people newly infected with HIV each year has decreased 40% since 1998. Nearly 3 million people were newly infected in 1998. In 2018, new infections stood at 1.7 million, which corresponds to around 5,000 per day. Roughly 61% of these new infections were in Sub-Saharan Africa.

The number of people living with HIV globally has risen steadily from 7.9 million in 1990, to 37.9 million today. However, thanks to increased HIV treatment coverage, deaths have decreased from 1.7 million in 2005, to 770,000 in 2018.  About 23 million people (61% of people living with HIV) accessed HIV treatment in 2018.


Emi Suzuki

Demographer, Development Data Group, World Bank

Haruna Kashiwase

Consultant, Development Data Group, World Bank

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