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Introducing two new dashboards in the Health, Nutrition and Population data portal

Haruna Kashiwase's picture

We’re pleased to launch new dashboards in the Health, Nutrition and Population Portal, following the portal’s revamp last year. The renewed HNP portal has two main dashboards covering Population and Health. Both dashboards are designed to be interactive data visualization tools where users can see various population and health indicators. Users can access various charts and maps by selecting specific time, country or region and indicators. We have added new indicators, charts and new health topics such as Universal Health Coverage and Surgery and Anesthesia. Below are some examples of stories gleaned from our dashboards.

India’s population is projected to surpass that of China around 2022

China, with 1.4 billion people, is the most populous country in the world in 2017. However, India, the second most populous country with 1.3 billion people, is projected to surpass China’s population by 2022. China’s total fertility rate (the number of children per woman) has also declined sharply since the 1970s.

Source: Population Dashboard > Population Dynamics Dashboard http://datatopics.worldbank.org/health/population
Source: Population Dashboard > Fertility and Mortality by Country
http://datatopics.worldbank.org/health/population

Japan and Mexico are similar in population, but different in age composition

While Mexico and Japan have similar population (129 million and 127 million, respectively) in 2017, the age structures of these countries look very different. The population pyramids of the two countries show that Mexico’s population is much younger than Japan’s. Mexico has more young people and Japan has more old people.

The population ages 65+ has increased rapidly since 1990s in Japan. However, the population ages 65+ in Mexico is projected to exceed 10 million in 2020 and to increase steadily. The differences in the population ages 65 + years between Japan and Mexico is projected to narrow by 2050.

Source: Population Dashboard > Population Size and Composition Dashboard http://datatopics.worldbank.org/health/population
Source: Population Dashboard > Population Size and Composition Dashboard
http://datatopics.worldbank.org/health/population

In many Sub-Saharan African countries, women are more affected by HIV/AIDS than men

Women are more vulnerable to HIV than men, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. In 20 Sub-Saharan African countries, more than 60 percent of the HIV affected population are women. In other regions, less than half of the HIV affected population are women (South Asia: 33%, Latin America and Middle East: 38%). According to the UNAIDS, structural, behavioral and biological factors are compounding the risk of HIV infection among women. 

Source: Health Dashboard > Topic > HIV/AIDS
http://datatopics.worldbank.org/health/health

Changes are seen in Cause of Death in low-income countries

Cause of Death is mainly classified into three categories:

  1. Communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions,
  2. Non-communicable diseases, and
  3. Injury.
In high-income countries, the majority of deaths are caused by non-communicable diseases such as ischaemic heart disease and stroke, while the majority of deaths are caused by communicable diseases in low-income countries. However, we can see changes in the cause of death in low-income countries for the past 16 years. In Zambia, Kenya, Malawi, Niger and Botswana, with the highest proportion of cause of death by communicable diseases, more than 78 percent of the deaths were caused by communicable diseases in 2000. However, the proportion of cause of death by non-communicable diseases has increased in these countries in 2016. In Botswana, the number of deaths caused by communicable disease has rapidly declined, but the deaths by non-communicable diseases has increased between 2000 and 2016.
Source: Health Dashboard > Topic > Cause of Death http://datatopics.worldbank.org/health/health

The risk of impoverishing expenditure for surgical care is very low in North America and Europe, but high in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

The risk of impoverishing expenditure for surgical care is high in many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. The majority of people in these regions cannot afford to pay for surgical care. People in these regions are at risk of being pulled into poverty when they pay for surgical and anesthesia care, due to direct out-of-pocket payments for the care. In North America and Europe the risk is very low because of their risk-sharing system.

Source: Health Dashboard > Topic > Surgery and Anesthesia http://datatopics.worldbank.org/health/health

Many people still live in households without basic hand washing facilities

Safe hygiene practices are crucial for human health. Hand washing with soap and water is used to monitor Sustainable Development Goal 6 (Clean water and sanitation), and is considered one of the most cost-effective interventions to prevent diarrhea and respiratory infections, especially among children. In 38 of the 70 countries with data, less than half of the people live in households without basic hand washing facilities in 2015.

Source: Health Dashboard > Topic > Water and Sanitation
http://datatopics.worldbank.org/health/health

These are but a few of the many ways you can use our data and dashboards to tell stories. We encourage you to explore our dashboards, as well as check out the Health, Nutrition and Population Portal.

Comments

Submitted by karnaram poonar on

very useful and interesting article for safe people and development. thanks a lot to author.

Submitted by Peter Ibembe on

Very engaging. I am sure the dashboards can also be used to compare regional variations, and can also track supportive policies in place vis-a-vis quality of life and quality of care

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