5 ways the World Bank’s IDA-19 is supporting the poorest countries in the time of COVID


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The COVID-19 crisis has been a sudden, high-speed reverse gear – quickly eroding gains in economic growth and poverty reduction across the world. The pandemic is still escalating but the pain it is causing in the lives of billions of people is especially evident in the world’s 74 poorest countries supported by the International Development Association (IDA).  These are countries where children, women, people living in fragile and conflict-affected situations, and those employed in the informal sector are suffering the most.  

Amid these unprecedented and disheartening times, I joined as Director of the incredible IDA Resource Mobilization and IBRD Corporate Finance team, which has stepped up to the plate in the COVID-19 fight. The team is contributing to the World Bank’s delivery of an exceptional response to help countries deal with the demands and effects of the crisis. I am excited to be part of it.

IDA’s support is part of the broader $150-160 billion World Bank Group response over a 15-month period and includes $50-55 billion in low-interest credits and grants focused on saving lives, protecting the poor and vulnerable, creating jobs, saving businesses, and building a more resilient recovery. Over the next 12 months, IDA will deliver close to $10 billion in new grants for low-income countries at higher risk of debt distress. 

July 2020 is the kick-off of IDA’s 19th funding cycle (better known as IDA19). The IDA19 program—supported by a historic $82 billion replenishment—was developed before the COVID-19 pandemic hit, but in the face of the crisis it shines as even more relevant today. 

The 500 million people living in extreme poverty in IDA countries remain at the center of IDA action, whose work and impact aims to make the world a better place for everyone. IDA is uniquely positioned for this mission, so let me share with you five transformative elements to look forward to in IDA19: 

1. Sharply focusing on crisis preparedness and earlier response to slower-onset crises.

Prime focus will be stronger resilience building including pandemic preparedness and reducing risks from climate shocks. The COVID-19 pandemic reminds us of the importance of strengthening resilience against any shocks that might strike. That is what IDA19 will proactively do.

2. Implementing a new debt policy.

Many IDA countries were already at high risk of debt distress before COVID-19 which is exacerbating the situation. A new debt policy in IDA19 called Sustainable Development Finance Policy will help incentivize countries to borrow sustainably and promote coordination between IDA and other creditors.

3. Creating more and better jobs.

Jobs are a critical element of poverty reduction. In many IDA countries jobs are scarce and COVID-19 has exacerbated this situation. The jobs agenda will include facilitating job-creating private investments and much needed infrastructure. Digital technology will also be important in the jobs’ agenda. IDA’s Private Sector Window will scale up and mobilize private sector investments in IDA countries with support from IFC and MIGA. And IDA19 will ensure there is the human capital with appropriate skills, health, etc.

4. Increasing tailored support in fragile and conflict-affected situations.

This will help to address a range of risks related to fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV), with strong incentives and accountabilities for countries to confront FCV drivers. The Bank’s FCV Strategy will strengthen operations in this regard, and IDA19 will also do more to address regional drivers of fragility through regional programs, including in the Sahel, Lake Chad region, and the Horn of Africa.

5. Thinking regionally.

Scaled up support for regional integration, such as investments in infrastructure for greater regional connectivity, trade facilitation, and digital economy. Thinking regionally will help facilitate collective action to address common goals.

Even though the environment might be challenging, we optimistically move on knowing that the agenda we have to deliver is for important clients – all the poor people in IDA countries who look forward to a better world. With just 10 years to 2030, it’s important that we shift the gear of development back to overdrive towards ending extreme poverty.  I am excited by this prospect.


Mr. Shafique Ahmed
September 10, 2021

Honourable, Kindly inform to poor people in your blog how poor people based in poor economic conditioned countries can get finances and grants to generate income for their person and their families from World Bank and IDA . I hope your honour will guide the poor people how they can get financial help from above mentioned institutions. With best regards, Your Sincerely, Shafique Ahmed.

Denny Kalyalya
September 10, 2021

The unique position of IDA in lifting millions of people out poverty and improving lives of yet others has always been critically important and is even more so under COVID-19.

Chileshe Kandeta
September 10, 2021

In the impact assessment of Covid-19 on low income Countries, there's need for more focused study on how the pandemic is affecting financing flows to pre-Covid19 health and other social sector interventions via cooperating partners and national budget resources. Targeted interventions need to be drawn. Am not if there are many global experiences to learn from given the fact that this may be the first time that the world economy is facing a calamity of this proportion.

Edward Bwalya
September 10, 2021

Great article.
Zambia is a poor country grappling with effects of Covid-19 pandemic. In the education sector the consequences are more dire. Schools, colleges and universities have been disrupted, closed, and require a digital solution to recover from the pandemic shocks and stress that is sustainable. The use of internet technology to provide online education (e-Learning) is a starting point. Teleconferencing technology such as Zoom could really be of help. Most importantly is to provide the infrastructure for internet provision.
How can the World Bank's IDA help to provide infrastructure to help schools, colleges and universities for internet connectivity?
Eddie Bwalya

Mukela Mutukwa
September 10, 2021

Good article. Mainstreaming the informal sector and fostering entrepreneurial capacity are key to sustainable transformation of poor communities.

Twaambo Hamusute
September 10, 2021

Great work and congratulations again on your recent elevation. Its pleasing to learn how you and your team are working to preserve livelihoods in developing countries by mitigating the impact of Covid 19. This is commendable work looking to learn more on how the WB is impacting SMEs given SMEs are the largest providers of employment and livelihood in developing countries.

Yemi Adekunle
September 10, 2021

It is a welcome measure/Initiative for Africans at this time of Covid 19 Pandemic. Some Countries in Africa are in devastation due to Covid 19 Pandemic because of high poverty rate in Africa caused by Corrupt Governance , War (Civil) , Conflicts and Poor Education system. IDA 19 is lifeline coming at the right time . My take on this is implore the group to make sure of Effective management and Distrbution of IDA 19 replenishment so that it gets to the poor/needy in Africa.