One August day in the mid-1960s, my parents boarded a bus in the village of Hartopul Mare in the center of Moldova to travel to the capital Chisinau, determined to get a better education and better jobs in the Soviet planned economy. It was a 90-minute trip in a vehicle packed with about 50 people. Half of the route was a gravelly, bumpy, and dusty road with three stops to pick up another 15 or 20 passengers, whose collective dream was to escape unbroken to a paved road.
Twenty years later, as a teenager, I frequently traveled the same route on the same road, but on a bigger bus that could carry over 100 passengers. I would load two or three sacks of potatoes harvested by my grandparents and sell them at Chisinau’s central market upon arrival. My grandmother would offer a generous cut from each transaction, which made me feel like a capitalist, with serious money in my pocket.
Then the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. Its planned economy vanished, together with the value of the money I had saved from the potato business. My parents lost their jobs and traveled back on the same bumpy and dusty road to their roots to support my aging grandparents. Others left their homes and traveled in the opposite direction in search of a better life and jobs abroad, oftentimes for good.
I’m sharing these memories with my colleague Elena Lungu, a Transport Specialist leading the Local Roads Improvement Project (LRIP), as we make our way to visit the ongoing road works. The bumps and dust disappeared in 2020.to education, health, and market facilities along 150 kilometers of local road corridors.
Elena explains that Moldova’s rural residents heavily depend on low-volume roads. The transport network was designed in Soviet times and is totally car-centered, with little consideration for people’s actual needs. As a result, it often neglects important day-to-day users and their safety on the road: children walking to school, patients trying to reach medical facilities, or small farmers transporting goods on animal carts and motorbikes to local markets.
Women are particularly impacted, along with many other vulnerable users who don’t typically have access to motorized transport.
In response, we are helping Moldova to turn this around and build local roads that meet the needs of all users, whether they’re driving a vehicle or are on foot.
The local Social Impact Monitoring Communities created for each corridor consist of a diverse group of stakeholders and direct project beneficiaries, including mayors, teachers, doctors, entrepreneurs, household representatives (men and women), journalists, and NGOs, resulting in the development of people-centered technical designs, consultations, and road safety audits - and ultimately, the rehabilitation of safer roads.
Engaging communities early is key. At the very outset of the project, we collected inputs from the communities on current road settings, usage, needs, safety, and perceived social risks during construction. These consultations engaged women and men, of all ages, independently, ensuring all voices could be heard.
Continuing to walk the narrow lanes of Hartopul Mare village, the familiar smell of gravel and dust soon fills our nostrils as we admire the little traditional cottages scattered chaotically on a hilly, silent, almost dreamy landscape. Many of them look abandoned. The first feeling visitors get upon entering the village is that time has stood still, somewhere at the beginning of the last century, when life was as simple as it gets in this corner of the world.
“With one important difference now,” says the mayor of Hartopul Mare, who is accompanying us.
Indeed, before entering the village, we noticed new green houses on the roadside. An abandoned storage was converted into a building supply store. And in fact, some of those abandoned cottages have recently attracted investment for rural tourism opportunities.
We continue our journey to witness the works progress in the neighboring village of Cruglic. The public school here is just along the main road, where hundreds of children often faced the risk of unsafe road crossing daily. But not anymore. Thanks to the LRIC, Cruglic, along with other villages, has adopted the “safe village” concept and ensured that safe sidewalks were properly built, with road guards for pedestrians. Additionally, the project supported massive road safety training for children in the respective rural communities, aiming to make them independent, responsible, and safe travelers.
We pause at a site where the local contractors are finalizing the installation of traffic signs. They are delighted by the result, mentioning how the Bank’s project has taught them to build roads better. In addition to the capacity building among local contractors to implement road infrastructure projects, LRIP has had an important impact on local employment, with more than 1,000 jobs created.
Rural communities currently make up 57 percent of Moldova’s population.
We stop for a break at a gas station. An ambulance pulls over too. The doctor and the driver discuss the day over a quick coffee. It seems that their previous case was a heart attack, and the doctor says that the call to 112 was just in time for them to save the man. “If not for the better roads that allowed us to arrive on time after the call,” says the driver…
We feel tired but happy on our way home. Our work on roads in Moldova, through the LRIP, is having an even more important impact than we might have thought.